Hochkalorische Ernährung bei chronischer obstruktiver Lungenkrankheit [High-caloric nutrition in chronic obstructive lung disease]

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_83EEBF83EF2A
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Hochkalorische Ernährung bei chronischer obstruktiver Lungenkrankheit [High-caloric nutrition in chronic obstructive lung disease]
Périodique
Schweizerische Rundschau für Medizin Praxis
Auteur(s)
Ganzoni A., Heilig P., Schönenberger K., Hügli O., Fitting J.W., Brändli O.
ISSN
1013-2058
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
1994
Volume
83
Numéro
1
Pages
13-16
Langue
allemand
Notes
Publication types: Clinical Trial ; English Abstract ; Journal Article ; Randomized Controlled Trial - Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
A body weight lower than 90% of the optional value has an unfavorable influence on the prognosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Short term studies of up to three months duration have shown improved function of respiratory muscle exercise tolerance and immunologic parameters by an increased caloric intake of 45 kcal/kg body weight. In a randomized trial of twelve months 14 of 30 patients with an average FEV1 of 0.8 l were instructed to take a high calorie diet. For simplicity a part of the calories were administered as Fresubin, a fluid nutrient formula. Although a weight gain of 7 kg (p = 0.003) was obtained the difference to the control group was statistically not significant (p = 0.08). The same was true for skin fold thickness (12.4 vs 5.7 mm), change of ventilatory parameters and the 6 minute walking distance (-33 vs -86 m). Subjective improvement was, however, impressive in all patients with dietary intervention, explainable probably by increased attention. Dietary counselling for increased intake of calories, vitamins and also calcium is thus very important in the treatment of patients with COPD.
Mots-clé
Aged, Body Weight, Energy Intake, Food, Formulated, Forced Expiratory Volume, Humans, Lung Diseases, Obstructive, Skinfold Thickness
Pubmed
Création de la notice
29/01/2008 9:41
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:43
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