Minimal Influence of Hypobaria on Heart Rate Variability in Hypoxia and Normoxia.

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Etat: Public
Version: de l'auteur⸱e
Licence: CC BY 4.0
ID Serval
serval:BIB_8267F0D3208C
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Minimal Influence of Hypobaria on Heart Rate Variability in Hypoxia and Normoxia.
Périodique
Frontiers in physiology
Auteur⸱e⸱s
Aebi M.R., Bourdillon N., Bron D., Millet G.P.
ISSN
1664-042X (Print)
ISSN-L
1664-042X
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
11
Pages
1072
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Résumé
The present study evaluated the putative effect of hypobaria on resting HRV in normoxia and hypoxia.
Fifteen young pilot trainees were exposed to five different conditions in a randomized order: normobaric normoxia (NN, P <sub>B</sub> = 726 ± 5 mmHg, F <sub>I</sub> O <sub>2</sub> = 20.9%), hypobaric normoxia (HN, P <sub>B</sub> = 380 ± 6 mmHg, F <sub>I</sub> O <sub>2</sub> ≅40%), normobaric hypoxia (NH, P <sub>B</sub> = 725 ± 4 mmHg, F <sub>I</sub> O <sub>2</sub> ≅11%); and hypobaric hypoxia (HH at 3000 and 5500 m, HH3000 and HH5500, P <sub>B</sub> = 525 ± 6 and 380 ± 8 mmHg, respectively, F <sub>I</sub> O <sub>2</sub> = 20.9%). HRV and pulse arterial oxygen saturation (SpO <sub>2</sub> ) were measured at rest seated during a 6 min period in each condition. HRV parameters were analyzed (Kubios HVR Standard, V 3.0) for time (RMSSD) and frequency (LF, HF, LF/HF ratio, and total power). Gas exchanges were collected at rest for 10 min following HRV recording.
SpO <sub>2</sub> decreased in HH3000 (95 ± 3) and HH5500 (81 ± 5), when compared to NN (99 ± 0). SpO <sub>2</sub> was higher in NH (86 ± 4) than HH5500 but similar between HN (98 ± 2) and NN. Participants showed lower RMSSD and total power values in NH and HH5500 when compared to NN. In hypoxia, LF/HF ratio was greater in HH5500 than NH, whereas in normoxia, LF/HF ratio was lower in HN than NN. Minute ventilation was higher in HH5500 than in all other conditions.
The present study reports a slight hypobaric effect either in normoxia or in hypoxia on some HRV parameters. In hypoxia, with a more prominent sympathetic activation, the hypobaric effect is likely due to the greater ventilation stimulus and larger desaturation. In normoxia, the HRV differences may come from the hyperoxic breathing and slight breathing pattern change due to hypobaria in HN.
Mots-clé
heart rate variability, hypobaric hypoxia, hypobaric normoxia, normobaric hypoxia, normobaric normoxia
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
05/10/2020 14:32
Dernière modification de la notice
22/02/2021 9:31
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