Nilotinib compassionate use in advanced GIST : a retrospective analysis

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_7FB1797EE942
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Sous-type
Abstract (résumé de présentation): article court qui reprend les éléments essentiels présentés à l'occasion d'une conférence scientifique dans un poster ou lors d'une intervention orale.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Nilotinib compassionate use in advanced GIST : a retrospective analysis
Titre de la conférence
33rd ESMO Congress
Auteur(s)
Montemurro M., Schöffski P., Pink D., Gelderblom H., Joensuu H., Schütte J., von Moos R., Wendtner C.M., Seddon B., Leyvraz S.
Adresse
Stockholm, September 12-16 2008
ISBN
0923-7534
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2008
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
19
Série
Annals of oncology
Pages
viii268
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Introduction: Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) have considerably improved outcome of patients with advanced GIST and extended overall survival to more than 5 years. Yet, the median progression-free survival is approximately 2 years with first-line imatinib and 24 weeks with second-line sunitinib, which calls for treatment alternatives. Nilotinib is a second-generation TKI with at least similar inhibitory activity as imatinib. A Phase I study has shown that nilotinib monotherapy has clinical activity in GIST.
Methods: After failure of all available therapeutic options patients had access to nilotinib on a compassionate use (CU) programm. Nilotinib was started at a dose of 400 mg bid, with dose reduction to 400mg qd allowed in the case of toxicity. 94 pts were approved for nilotinib CU in 10 European countries. We herein present retrospective data of 42 pts from 5 European countries treated in 11 centers.
Results: Median age at nilotinib treatment start was 59 years (median; range 24-79 y). 30 of 42 patients were male. Most pts had metastatic disease of gastric origin at initial diagnosis. KIT exon 11 mutations were most frequent. The median number of surgical resections was 1 (range 0-8). All pts had failed both imatinib and sunitinib before nilotinib, and few had also received additional investigational treatments. Nilotinib was well tolerated, and discontinued due to toxicity in 15% only. Median follow-up is 176 days (range 15-876 d). Nilotinib treatment duration is 75 days (median; range 3-727 d). Partial remission with nilotinib treatment was seen in 11% of pts. Median OS was 263 days (Kaplan-Meier).
Conclusion: This is the largest series reported assessing efficacy of nilotinib for imatinib- and sunitinib-refractory GIST reported yet. Nilotinib displays significant clinical activity in this heavily pretreated group of pts. These results warrant further investigation of nilotinib in GIST, including its use in first or second-line treatment. Patient and data collection is ongoing, updated results will be presented.
Création de la notice
17/03/2009 15:45
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:40
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