Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and future alcohol outcomes: Examining the roles of coping and enhancement drinking motives among young men.

Détails

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Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
Licence: CC BY 4.0
ID Serval
serval:BIB_78CED97FC576
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and future alcohol outcomes: Examining the roles of coping and enhancement drinking motives among young men.
Périodique
PloS one
Auteur(s)
Grazioli V.S., Gmel G., Rougemont-Bücking A., Baggio S., Daeppen J.B., Studer J.
ISSN
1932-6203 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1932-6203
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
14
Numéro
6
Pages
e0218469
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: epublish
Résumé
Although there is evidence that Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms are positively related to alcohol use and related problems among young adults, little research has examined the mechanisms that might explain this association. In response, this study examined the mediating effects of coping and enhancement drinking motives on the prospective associations between ADHD symptoms and alcohol outcomes.
Participants (N = 4,536) were young men from the Cohort Study on Substance Use Risk Factors. Measures of ADHD symptoms and those of drinking motives, heavy episodic drinking (HED) and alcohol use disorder symptoms were used from the baseline and 15-month follow-up assessments.
Findings indicated that the associations of ADHD-inattention symptoms with alcohol use disorder (AUD) symptoms and with HED were partially and completely mediated through drinking motives, respectively, whereas drinking motives did not mediate the ADHD-hyperactivity/impulsivity-symptoms-alcohol outcomes associations.
Results indicated that coping and enhancement motives partially explained the ADHD-inattention symptoms-subsequent alcohol outcomes association. These findings suggest that interventions targeting enhancement and coping motives may help prevent problematic drinking among young men with elevated ADHD-inattention symptoms.
Mots-clé
Adolescent, Alcohol Drinking/epidemiology, Alcohol-Related Disorders/complications, Alcohol-Related Disorders/epidemiology, Alcohol-Related Disorders/physiopathology, Antisocial Personality Disorder/complications, Antisocial Personality Disorder/epidemiology, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/complications, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/epidemiology, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/physiopathology, Cohort Studies, Depression/complications, Depression/epidemiology, Ethanol/adverse effects, Humans, Impulsive Behavior/physiology, Male, Motivation/physiology, Prospective Studies, Risk Factors, Students, Substance-Related Disorders/complications, Substance-Related Disorders/epidemiology, Substance-Related Disorders/physiopathology, Young Adult
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
24/06/2019 17:06
Dernière modification de la notice
15/01/2021 8:10
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