Re-imaging the intentional stance

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: Abu-Akel et al. RSPB 287 2020.pdf (1039.08 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
Licence: CC BY 4.0
ID Serval
serval:BIB_72B04DBF10CF
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Re-imaging the intentional stance
Périodique
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Auteur(s)
Abu-Akel Ahmad M., Apperly Ian A., Wood Stephen J., Hansen Peter C.
ISSN
0962-8452
1471-2954
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
29/04/2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
287
Numéro
1925
Pages
20200244
Langue
anglais
Résumé
The commonly used paradigm to investigate Dennet's ‘intentional stance’ compares neural activation when participants compete with a human versus a computer. This paradigm confounds whether the opponent is natural or artificial and whether it is intentional or an automaton. This functional magnetic resonance imaging study is, to our knowledge, the first to investigate the intentional stance by orthogonally varying perceptions of the opponents' intentionality (responding actively or passively according to a script) and embodiment (human or a computer). The mere perception of the opponent (whether human or computer) as intentional activated the mentalizing network: the temporoparietal junction (TPJ) bilaterally, right temporal pole, anterior paracingulate cortex (aPCC) and the precuneus. Interacting with humans versus computers induced activations in a more circumscribed right lateralized subnetwork within the mentalizing network, consisting of the TPJ and the aPCC, possibly reflective of the tendency to spontaneously attribute intentionality to humans. The interaction between intentionality (active versus passive) and opponent (human versus computer) recruited the left frontal pole, possibly in response to violations of the default intentional stance towards humans and computers. Employing an orthogonal design is important to adequately capture Dennett's conception of the intentional stance as a mentalizing strategy that can apply equally well to humans and other intentional agents.
Mots-clé
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, General Immunology and Microbiology, General Agricultural and Biological Sciences, General Environmental Science, General Medicine
Création de la notice
15/04/2020 10:29
Dernière modification de la notice
10/08/2020 7:09
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