Reinforcing at the Top or Compensating at the Bottom? Family Background and Academic Performance in Germany, Norway, and the United States

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: Grätz and Wiborg 2020.pdf (556.02 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
Licence: CC BY 4.0
ID Serval
serval:BIB_7142F818BC79
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Reinforcing at the Top or Compensating at the Bottom? Family Background and Academic Performance in Germany, Norway, and the United States
Périodique
European Sociological Review
Auteur(s)
Grätz Michael, Wiborg Øyvind N.
ISSN
0266-7215
1468-2672
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
17/01/2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Research on educational mobility usually studies socioeconomic differences at the mean of children’s academic performance but fails to consider the variation in the shape of socioeconomic differences across the outcome distribution. Theories of social mobility as well as theories about the resource allocation within families predict such variation. We use quantile regression models to estimate variation in socioeconomic differences across the distribution of academic performance using different indicators of family background (parental education, occupation, earnings, and wealth). We apply this approach to data on Germany, Norway, and the United States, three countries that represent different welfare and education regimes that may affect the intergenerational transmission of educational advantage. We find stronger socioeconomic differences at the bottom than at the middle and the smallest differences at the top of the performance distribution. These findings are virtually identical across all four indicators of family background. We also find no cross-national differences in the shape of socioeconomic differences in academic performance.
Mots-clé
Sociology and Political Science
Site de l'éditeur
Open Access
Oui
Financement(s)
Fonds national suisse
Création de la notice
17/02/2020 13:27
Dernière modification de la notice
19/02/2021 8:09
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