Effects of a short-term Interval Aerobic Training Programme with active Recovery bouts (IATP-R) on cognitive and mental health, functional performance and quality of life: A randomised controlled trial in sedentary seniors.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_7092EF1B2A99
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Effects of a short-term Interval Aerobic Training Programme with active Recovery bouts (IATP-R) on cognitive and mental health, functional performance and quality of life: A randomised controlled trial in sedentary seniors.
Périodique
International journal of clinical practice
Auteur(s)
Bouaziz W., Schmitt E., Vogel T., Lefebvre F., Leprêtre P.M., Kaltenbach G., Geny B., Lang P.O.
ISSN
1742-1241 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1368-5031
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
01/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
73
Numéro
1
Pages
e13219
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Randomized Controlled Trial
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Interval aerobic training programme with active recovery bouts (IATP-R) has shown to improve tolerance to IATP among seniors. However, data concerning its benefits for seniors' health are still limited.
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of IATP-R on seniors' health status.
Sedentary volunteers (n = 60, aged ≥70 years) were randomly assigned to either IATP-R or maintained sedentary lifestyle for 9.5 weeks. IATP-R consisted of 30-minute cycling (6 × 4 minutes at first ventilatory threshold (VT <sub>1</sub> ) intensity + 1 minute at 40% of VT <sub>1</sub> ) twice a week. Cognitive and functional performances were assessed with the Trail Making Test (TMT-A; TMT-B); Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT); Timed Up and Go (TUG) test; 6-Minute Walk Test (6-MWT); one-leg balance test; and the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) tests, respectively. QoL and anxiety/depression status were measured by the Short Form-12 and the Goldberg's Scale, respectively. All participants were assessed at baseline and 9.5 weeks later.
Compared to controls, IATP-R improved cognitive functions (TMT-A: +1.5% vs -21.5%; TMT-B: +0.9% vs -13.3%; PASAT: +1.4% vs -14.6%; semantic fluency: -1.1% vs +11.7%), functional performance (TUG: +5.4% vs -16.5%; 6-MWT: -3.2% vs +11.5%; SPPB: -3.2% vs +14.6%; One-leg balance: -16.3% vs +25.0%); QoL (physical health: -13.3% vs +23.1%; mental health: -7.1% vs +8.2%); and depressive symptoms (+26.3% vs -42.8%). Significant impacts were measured neither on letter modality of fluency tasks nor on anxiety score.
These data showed that IATP-R is an effective training programme to improve functional and cognitive performances, mental health and well-being in sedentary seniors. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02263573. Registered October 1, 2014.
Mots-clé
Aged, Cognition, Female, Health Status, Humans, Male, Mental Health, Physical Conditioning, Human/methods, Physical Conditioning, Human/physiology, Physical Conditioning, Human/psychology, Physical Functional Performance, Prospective Studies, Quality of Life, Sedentary Behavior, Time Factors
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
17/08/2018 18:34
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:29
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