Energy metabolism in infants with congenital heart disease

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_6D74AFD46217
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Sous-type
Synthèse (review): revue aussi complète que possible des connaissances sur un sujet, rédigée à partir de l'analyse exhaustive des travaux publiés.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Energy metabolism in infants with congenital heart disease
Périodique
Nutrition
Auteur(s)
Nydegger  A., Bines  J. E.
ISSN
0899-9007
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
08/2006
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
22
Numéro
7-8
Pages
697-704
Notes
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review --- Old month value: Jul-Aug
Résumé
Failure to thrive is common in children with congenital heart disease and influences the metabolic response to injury and outcome after corrective cardiac surgery. Energy imbalance is a major contributing factor. However, the published literature is difficult to interpret as studies generally involve small patient numbers with a diverse range of types and severity of cardiac lesions and genetic and/or prenatal factors. The age and time of corrective surgery affects the potential for nutritional recovery. Although the immediate postoperative period is characterized by a hypermetabolic state, low total and resting energy expenditure are reported within 24 h of surgery. After 5 d, resting energy expenditure returns to preoperative levels. Significant improvements in weight and growth occur within months after corrective surgery. However, limited postoperative recovery in nutritional status and growth occurs in infants with a low birth weight, intellectual deficit, or residual malformation. Further studies are needed to inform the timing of corrective cardiac surgery to maximize nutritional outcomes and to identify those infants who may benefit from aggressive preoperative nutrition support.
Mots-clé
Child Child, Preschool *Energy Metabolism Heart Defects, Congenital/*metabolism/surgery Humans Infant Nutritional Status Nutritional Support Time Factors
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
21/01/2008 12:46
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:27
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