Family-Related Stress versus External Stressors: Differential Impacts on Alcohol and Illicit Drug Use in Young Men.

Détails

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Etat: Public
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ID Serval
serval:BIB_661131AD84EF
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Family-Related Stress versus External Stressors: Differential Impacts on Alcohol and Illicit Drug Use in Young Men.
Périodique
European addiction research
Auteur(s)
Rougemont-Bücking A., Grazioli V.S., Daeppen J.B., Gmel G., Studer J.
ISSN
1421-9891 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1022-6877
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
23
Numéro
6
Pages
284-297
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Intense stress increases substance use (SU). However, little is known about the extent to which distinctive forms of stress should be weighted with regard to their effects on SU. This study aimed to determine whether family-related stress factors (FSF) influenced SU in a different way than external stress factors (ESF). Data was drawn from a Swiss cohort study on SU risk factors (C-SURF), involving 5,308 young adult men. Twelve month use of alcohol and of illicit substances was assessed. FSF and ESF for the time period preceding SU were measured. FSF and ESF were both significantly associated with SU. FSF had a greater impact on the use of most substances than did ESF. The FSF with the strongest association with SU was lack of parental monitoring. Regarding ESF, the cumulative number of stressful external events had a higher impact on SU than previous physical or sexual assault by a stranger. In contrast, physical or sexual assault by a family member was not found to be associated with subsequent SU. These findings have important implications for SU prevention programmes focusing on male teenagers, as it is difficult to screen and intervene in subtle forms of maltreatment in families.

Mots-clé
Stress, Neglect , Parental monitoring, Physical assault, Risky family setting, Sexual assault, Substance use disorders, Trauma
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
13/01/2018 11:03
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:21
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