Watershed infarctions are more prone than other cortical infarcts to cause early-onset seizures.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_6543F03CAC35
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Watershed infarctions are more prone than other cortical infarcts to cause early-onset seizures.
Périodique
Archives of neurology
Auteur(s)
Denier C., Masnou P., Mapoure Y., Souillard-Scemama R., Guedj T., Théaudin M., Fagniez O., Join-Lambert C., Lozeron P., Ducot B., Ducreux D., Adams D.
ISSN
1538-3687 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0003-9942
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
10/2010
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
67
Numéro
10
Pages
1219-1223
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Early-onset seizures(ESs) have been reported in 2% to 6% of strokes. Most previous studies have been retrospective and did not systematically perform cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
To determine the prevalence and determinants of ESs in a prospective cohort.
Prospective cohort study.
Stroke unit in an academic hospital.
Six hundred sixty-one consecutive individuals admitted to our stroke unit during an 18-month period for suspected stroke.
Initial investigations systematically included cerebral MRI. Among patients with MRI-confirmed cerebral infarction, individuals with ES, defined as occurring within 14 days of stroke, were identified.
Three hundred twenty-eight patients had MRI-confirmed cerebral infarcts and 178 had cortical involvement. The ESs, all initially partial seizures, occurred in 14 patients (4.3%) and at stroke onset in 5 patients. The ESs occurred exclusively in patients with cortical involvement (P <.001). With infarcts involving the cerebral cortex, there was a higher risk of ESs in watershed infarctions than in territorial strokes (6 of 26 [23.1%] vs 8 of 152 [5.3%], P = .007). Logistic regression analysis showed an almost 4-fold increased risk of ES in patients with watershed infarctions compared with other cortical infarcts (odds ratio, 4.7; 95% confidence interval, 1.5- 15.4; P = .01). Age, sex, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, smoking, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, and cardioembolic origin were not significant risk factors for ES.
The cortical hemispheric location of ischemic strokes is associated with a higher risk of ES. Among these patients, the watershed mechanism is a strong and independent determinant of stroke-related ES.

Mots-clé
Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Cerebral Infarction/complications, Cohort Studies, Female, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods, Male, Middle Aged, Retrospective Studies, Risk Factors, Seizures/etiology, Stroke/complications, Stroke/pathology, Young Adult
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
12/12/2017 17:35
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:21
Données d'usage