Pressure gradients across bileaflet aortic valves by direct measurement and echocardiography

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_614307784C43
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Pressure gradients across bileaflet aortic valves by direct measurement and echocardiography
Périodique
Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Auteur(s)
Laske  A., Jenni  R., Maloigne  M., Vassalli  G., Bertel  O., Turina  M. I.
ISSN
0003-4975 (Print)
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
01/1996
Volume
61
Numéro
1
Pages
48-57
Notes
Comparative Study
Journal Article --- Old month value: Jan
Résumé
BACKGROUND. Pressure gradients calculated from echo-cardiography after aortic valve replacement are commonly much higher than would be expected from in vitro measurements. METHODS. The mean, peak-to-peak, and maximal gradients across bileaflet aortic prostheses (St. Jude Medical) were measured invasively in 52 patients at high and low heart rate, cardiac index, and stroke volume. One week after operation the gradients were calculated from a standard transthoracic echocardiogram (delta p = 4v2(2)). In a second study 3 to 12 months later, gradients were calculated using the standard, simplified Bernoulli equation, and with the equation considering subvalvular flow velocities (delta p = 4(v2(2-)v1(2)). Invasive and echocardiographic measurements were matched and compared. RESULTS. Invasively measured mean gradients for 21 to 29-mm valves ranged from 7.4 +/- 4.9 to 4.3 +/- 1.6 mm Hg at systolic flow rates from 11.3 +/- 0.7 to 16.2 +/- 1.8 L.min-1.m-2. Mean echocardiographic gradients were 15.1 +/- 4.5 to 7.5 +/- 2.2 mm Hg (p < 0.001) with the standard method, and 10.5 +/- 1.9 to 5.6 +/- 1.5 mm Hg when considering the subvalvular flow velocity (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS. Mean gradients across bileaflet prostheses are generally low, even in small valves and with high systolic flow. The correlation of the invasive in vivo with in vitro gradients is good. Standard echocardiography overestimates gradients across bileaflet heart valves and high gradients are not due to valve dysfunction. Gradients obtained by echocardiography considering the subvalvular flow velocity correlate better to invasively measured and in vitro gradients.
Mots-clé
Adult Aged Aortic Valve/*physiopathology/*ultrasonography Aortic Valve Insufficiency/physiopathology/surgery Aortic Valve Stenosis/physiopathology/surgery Blood Flow Velocity Blood Pressure Cardiac Output Catheterization *Echocardiography, Doppler Female Heart Rate *Heart Valve Prosthesis Humans Intraoperative Period Male Middle Aged Pressure Stroke Volume Ventricular Pressure
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
28/01/2008 11:32
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:18
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