Being Drunk to Have Fun or to Forget Problems? Identifying Enhancement and Coping Drinkers Among Risky Drinking Adolescents

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_5F1C088D8DF4
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Being Drunk to Have Fun or to Forget Problems? Identifying Enhancement and Coping Drinkers Among Risky Drinking Adolescents
Périodique
European Journal of Psychological Assessment
Auteur(s)
Kuntsche Emmanuel, Knibbe Ronald, Engels Rutger, Gmel Gerhard
ISSN
1015-5759
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2010
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
26
Numéro
1
Pages
46-54
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Prevention programs in adolescence are particularly effective if they target homogeneous risk groups of adolescents who share a combination of particular needs and problems. The present work aims to identify and classify risky single-occasion drinking (RSOD) adolescents according to their motivation to engage in drinking. An easy-to-use coding procedure was developed. It was validated by means of cluster analyses and structural equation modeling based on two randomly selected subsamples of a nationally representative sample of 2,449 12- to 18-year-old RSOD students in Switzerland. Results revealed that the coding procedure classified RSOD adolescents as either enhancement drinkers or coping drinkers. The high concordance (Sample A: kappa - .88, Sample B: kappa - .90) with the results of the cluster analyses demonstrated the convergent validity of the coding classification. The fact that enhancement drinkers in both subsamples were found to go out more frequently in the evenings and to have more satisfactory social relationships, as well as a higher proportion of drinking peers and a lower likelihood to drink at home than coping drinkers demonstrates the concurrent validity of the classification. To conclude, the coding procedure appears to be a valid, reliable, and easy-to-use tool that can help better adapt prevention activities to adolescent risky drinking motives.
Mots-clé
Drinking Motives, Classification, Prevention, Adolescents, Cluster Analysis, Alcohol-Use, Motives, Intervention, Switzerland, Personality, Validation, Patterns, Abuse
Web of science
Création de la notice
24/02/2010 12:06
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:16
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