The expressions of GABA and glutannate transporters are altered in the spared nerve injury model of neuropathic pain in the rat

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_5F0D564AB4C4
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Sous-type
Abstract (résumé de présentation): article court qui reprend les éléments essentiels présentés à l'occasion d'une conférence scientifique dans un poster ou lors d'une intervention orale.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
The expressions of GABA and glutannate transporters are altered in the spared nerve injury model of neuropathic pain in the rat
Titre de la conférence
Annual meeting of the Swiss Society of Anaesthesiology and Resuscitation
Auteur(s)
Gosselin R.-D., Pertin M., Decosterd I.
Adresse
Interlaken, Switzerland, October 29-31, 2009
ISBN
1424-7860
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2009
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
139
Série
Swiss Medical Weekly
Pages
13S-13S
Langue
anglais
Notes
Meeting Abstract
Résumé
Neuropathic pain is a common form of chronic pain, and is unsuccessfully alleviated by usual medications. Mounting evidence strongly point at non-neuronal glial cells in the spinal cord as key actors behind the persistence of pain. In particular, a change in the astrocytic capacity to regulate extracellular concentrations of neurotransmitters might account for the strengthened spinal nociceptive neurotransmission. Therefore, we investigated whether spinal expressions of GABA (GAT) and glutamate (EAAT) transporters were affected in the spared nerve injury (SNI) rat model of neuropathic pain. SNI was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats by a unilateral section of tibial and common peroneal branches of the sciatic nerve, leaving the sural branch untouched. Western-blot analysis was performed to study the expression of GAT-1 and GAT-3 as well as EAAT-1 and EAAT-2, the main astrocytic GABA and glutamate transporters respectively. Seven days post-surgery, a significant increase in GAT-1, GAT-3 and EAAT-1 expressions is detected in both ipsilateral and contralateral sides of lumbar spinal cord in comparison to sham animals. No change in EAAT-2 signal could be detected. Furthermore, the astrocytic reaction parallels the glutamate and GABA transporters changes as we found an increased GFAP expression compared to the sham condition, in both spinal sides. Together, our results indicate that modifications in GABA and glutamate transport may occur along with SNI-associated painful neuropathy and identify spinal neurotransmitter reuptake machinery as a putative pharmacological target in neuropathic pain.
Web of science
Création de la notice
19/11/2009 15:55
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:16
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