Educational differences in dietary intake and compliance with dietary recommendations in a Swiss adult population.

Détails

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Etat: Public
Version: Author's accepted manuscript
ID Serval
serval:BIB_5B244FF8158B
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Educational differences in dietary intake and compliance with dietary recommendations in a Swiss adult population.
Périodique
International journal of public health
Auteur(s)
Mayén A.L., Guessous I., Paccaud F., Stringhini S., Marques-Vidal P.
ISSN
1661-8564 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1661-8556
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
12/2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
61
Numéro
9
Pages
1059-1067
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
This study assessed the impact of education on diet and compliance with the national recommendations.
The study included 4338 adult participants of the Colaus study, a cross-sectional, population-based study conducted between 2009 and 2012 in Lausanne (Switzerland). Education was categorized as primary, apprenticeship, secondary, and tertiary.
Men with primary vs. tertiary education had a lower intake of monounsaturated fatty acids (29.4 vs. 30.9 g/day), iron (11.4 vs. 11.8 mg/day), vitamin A (758.2 vs. 904.2 retinol equivalents/day), and vitamin D (2.3 vs. 3.0 μg/day). Women with primary vs. tertiary education had a lower intake of monounsaturated fatty acids (25.5 vs. 27.4 g/day), fiber (15.6 vs. 17.2 g/day) and iron (9.8 vs. 10.3 mg/day). Men with primary vs. tertiary education had a better compliance with protein recommendations [odds ratio (95 % CI): 2.31 (1.37; 3.90)], while women with primary vs. tertiary education had a better compliance with vitamin A recommendations [odds ratio 1.74 (1.15; 2.65)].
Overall, our results do not confirm a unidirectional association between education and diet, and question the approach of targeted interventions alone in selected educational groups to prevent chronic diseases.

Pubmed
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
06/06/2016 17:16
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:14
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