Leimavo revisited : agrarian land-use change in the highlands of Madagascar

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_5AC752798ED1.P001.pdf (554.87 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_5AC752798ED1
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Leimavo revisited : agrarian land-use change in the highlands of Madagascar
Périodique
Professional Geographer
Auteur(s)
Kull Ch. A. 
ISSN
0033-0124
ISSN-L
1467-9272
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
1998
Volume
50
Numéro
2
Pages
163-76
Langue
anglais
Notes
kull_leimavo_1998
Résumé
Describing and explaining land-use change is of critical concern in Madagascar, where land transformations such as deforestation and resulting environmental degradation currently capture widespread attention. While the eastern rain forest recedes in the face of swidden cultivators, the highlands demonstrate more constructive transformations. In this paper I present a case study of land-use change in Leimavo, a small village near Ambositra studied in the 1960s by Jean-Pierre Raison. Here, the twentieth century has seen a gradual reduction in irrigated rice cultivation and cattle husbandry, and a boom in market-oriented orange, vegetable, and grain production. In the long term, a historical landscape of grassy hills has been transformed into a productive cultural landscape with woodlots, anti-erosion benching, rice terraces, fruit groves, and diverse crops. Critical factors determining the trajectory of land-use change include regional population pressure, state policies, market incentives, climate variations, and access to land and water resources. These critical factors, or explanations, are linked in the discussion by the use of a simple heuristic device-the range of choice-as a theoretical framework.
Création de la notice
11/03/2015 17:58
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:13
Données d'usage