Passive smoking exposure in adults and chronic respiratory symptoms (SAPALDIA Study). Swiss Study on Air Pollution and Lung Diseases in Adults, SAPALDIA Team


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Passive smoking exposure in adults and chronic respiratory symptoms (SAPALDIA Study). Swiss Study on Air Pollution and Lung Diseases in Adults, SAPALDIA Team
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Leuenberger  P., Schwartz  J., Ackermann-Liebrich  U., Blaser  K., Bolognini  G., Bongard  J. P., Brandli  O., Braun  P., Bron  C., Brutsche  M., Domenighetti  G., Elsasser  S., Guldimann  P., Hollenstein  C., Hufschmid  P., Karrer  W., Kellerwossidlo  H., Kunzli  N., Luthi  J. C., Martin  B. W., Medici  T., Perruchoud  A. P., Radaelli  A., Schindler  C., Schoeni  M. H., Solari  G., Tschopp  J. M., Villiger  B., Wuthrich  B., Zellweger  J. P., Zemp  E.
1073-449X (Print)
Statut éditorial
Date de publication
5 Pt 1
Journal Article Multicenter Study Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't --- Old month value: Nov
The association between passive exposure to tobacco smoke and respiratory symptoms was examined in a sample of 4,197 never-smoking adults. They constituted the never-smoking subsample of a random sample of 9,651 adults (age, 18 to 60 yr) in eight areas in Switzerland. Information on passive smoking exposure and standardized questions on respiratory symptoms were obtained via a questionnaire administered by trained examiners. After controlling for age, sex, body mass index (BMI), study area, atopy, and parental and sibling history, passive smoking exposure was associated with an elevated risk of wheezing apart from colds (odds ratio [OR] = 1.94, 95% CI = 1.39 to 2.70), an elevated risk of bronchitis symptoms (OR = 1.59, 95% CI = 1.17 to 2.15), an elevated risk of symptoms of chronic bronchitis (OR = 1.65, 95% CI = 1.28 to 2.16), an elevated risk of dyspnea (OR = 1.45, 95% CI = 1.20 to 1.76), and an elevated risk of physician diagnosed asthma (OR = 1.39, 95% CI = 1.04 to 1.86). It was not associated with any increased risk of allergic rhinitis including hayfever. Adding a variable for low educational level, excluding subjects whose mother ever smoked or subjects with end-expiratory CO levels > or = 7 ppm, and controlling for paternal smoking during childhood or occupational exposure had little impact on the association. The association of passive smoking exposure with dyspnea, wheeze, and asthma showed evidence of a dose-dependent increase with hours per day of exposure, whereas association with symptoms of bronchitis was stronger with years of exposure.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Adolescent Adult Asthma/epidemiology/etiology Bronchitis/epidemiology/etiology Chronic Disease Dyspnea/epidemiology/etiology Female Humans Male Middle Aged Odds Ratio Questionnaires Respiratory Sounds/etiology Respiratory Tract Diseases/epidemiology/*etiology Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal/complications Switzerland/epidemiology Tobacco Smoke Pollution/*adverse effects
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Création de la notice
25/01/2008 10:49
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:09
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