Marked increase of the astrocytic marker S100B in the cerebrospinal fluid of HIV-infected patients on LPV/r-monotherapy.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_53A5510C85E2
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Marked increase of the astrocytic marker S100B in the cerebrospinal fluid of HIV-infected patients on LPV/r-monotherapy.
Périodique
Aids
Auteur(s)
Du Pasquier R.A., Jilek S., Kalubi M., Yerly S., Fux C.A., Gutmann C., Cusini A., Günthard H.F., Cavassini M., Vernazza P.L.
Collaborateur(s)
Swiss HIV Cohort Study
Contributeur(s)
Aubert V., Barth J., Battegay M., Bernasconi E., Böni J., Bucher HC., Burton-Jeangros C., Calmy A., Cavassini M., Egger M., Elzi L., Fehr J., Fellay J., Flepp M., Francioli P., Furrer H., Fux CA., Gorgievski M., Günthard H., Haerry D., Hasse B., Hirsch HH., Hirschel B., Hösli I., Kahlert C., Kaiser L., Keiser O., Kind C., Klimkait T., Kovari H., Ledergerber B., Martinetti G., Martinez de Tejada B., Metzner K., Müller N., Nadal D., Pantaleo G., Rauch A., Regenass S., Rickenbach M., Rudin C., Schmid P., Schultze D., Schöni-Affolter F., Speck R., Taffé P., Tarr P., Telenti A., Trkola A., Vernazza P., Weber R., Yerly S.
ISSN
1473-5571 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0269-9370
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2013
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
27
Numéro
2
Pages
203-210
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
OBJECTIVE: To determine changes of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers of patients on monotherapy with lopinavir/ritonavir.
DESIGN: The Monotherapy Switzerland/Thailand study (MOST) trial compared monotherapy with ritonavir-boosted lopinavir with continued therapy. The trial was prematurely stopped due to virological failure in six patients on monotherapy. It, thus, offers a unique opportunity to assess brain markers in the early stage of HIV virological escape.
METHODS: : Sixty-five CSF samples (34 on continued therapy and 31 on monotherapy) from 49 HIV-positive patients enrolled in MOST. Using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, we determined the CSF concentration of S100B (astrocytosis), neopterin (inflammation), total Tau (tTau), phosphorylated Tau (pTau), and amyloid-β 1-42 (Aβ), the latter three indicating neuronal damage. Controls were CSF samples of 29 HIV-negative patients with Alzheimer dementia.
RESULTS: In the CSF of monotherapy, concentrations of S100B and neopterin were significantly higher than in continued therapy (P = 0.006 and P = 0.013, respectively) and Alzheimer dementia patients (P < 0.0001 and P = 0.0005, respectively). In Alzheimer dementia, concentration of Aβ was lower than in monotherapy (P = 0.005) and continued therapy (P = 0.016) and concentrations of tTau were higher than in monotherapy (P = 0.019) and continued therapy (P = 0.001). There was no difference in pTau among the three groups. After removal of the 16 CSF with detectable viral load in the blood and/or CSF, only S100B remained significantly higher in monotherapy than in the two other groups.
CONCLUSION: Despite full viral load-suppression in blood and CSF, antiretroviral monotherapy with lopinavir/ritonavir can raise CSF levels of S100B, suggesting astrocytic damage.
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
17/01/2013 18:09
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:08
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