Cannabis use and other predictors of the onset of daily cigarette use in young men: what matters most? Results from a longitudinal study.

Détails

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Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_4C42604182A0
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Cannabis use and other predictors of the onset of daily cigarette use in young men: what matters most? Results from a longitudinal study.
Périodique
Bmc Public Health
Auteur(s)
Becker J., Schaub M.P., Gmel G., Haug S.
ISSN
1471-2458 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1471-2458
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
15
Pages
843
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: epublish
Résumé
BACKGROUND: According to the gateway hypothesis, tobacco use is a gateway of cannabis use. However, there is increasing evidence that cannabis use also predicts the progression of tobacco use (reverse gateway hypothesis). Unfortunately, the importance of cannabis use compared to other predictors of tobacco use is less clear. The aim of this study was to examine which variables, in addition to cannabis use, best predict the onset of daily cigarette smoking in young men.
METHODS: A total of 5,590 young Swiss men (mean age = 19.4 years, SD = 1.2) provided data on their substance use, socio-demographic background, religion, health, social context, and personality at baseline and after 18 months. We modelled the predictors of progression to daily cigarette smoking using logistic regression analyses (n = 4,230).
RESULTS: In the multivariate overall model, use of cannabis remained among the strongest predictors for the onset of daily cigarette use. Daily cigarette use was also predicted by a lifetime use of at least 50 cigarettes, occasional cigarette use, educational level, religious affiliation, parental situation, peers with psychiatric problems, and sociability.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results highlight the relevance of cannabis use compared to other potential predictors of the progression of tobacco use and thereby support the reverse gateway hypothesis.
Mots-clé
Adult, Age of Onset, Behavior, Addictive/epidemiology, Behavior, Addictive/psychology, Cannabis, Cohort Studies, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Marijuana Abuse/epidemiology, Marijuana Abuse/psychology, Marijuana Smoking/epidemiology, Marijuana Smoking/psychology, Peer Group, Risk Factors, Smoking/epidemiology, Smoking/psychology, Socioeconomic Factors, Sweden/epidemiology, Tobacco Use Disorder/epidemiology, Young Adult
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
29/09/2015 16:25
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:00
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