Meal-induced thermogenesis in obese children with or without familial history of obesity.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_4A508D8E8169
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Meal-induced thermogenesis in obese children with or without familial history of obesity.
Périodique
European Journal of Pediatrics
Auteur(s)
Maffeis C., Schutz Y., Zoccante L., Pinelli L.
ISSN
0340-6199 (Print)
ISSN-L
0340-6199
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
1993
Volume
152
Numéro
2
Pages
128-131
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Resting metabolic rate (RMR) and the thermic effect of a meal (TEM) were measured in a group of 26 prepubertal children divided into three groups: (1) children with both parents obese (n = 8, group OB2); (2) children with no obese parents and without familial history of obesity (n = 8, OB0); and (3) normal body weight children (n = 10, C). Average RMR was similar in OB2 and OB0 children (4785 +/- 274 kJ/day vs 5091 +/- 543 kJ/day), but higher (P < 0.05) than in controls (4519 +/- 322 kJ/day). Adjusted for fat-free mass (FFM) mean RMRs were comparable in the three groups of children (4891 +/- 451 kJ/day vs 5031 +/- 451 kJ/day vs 4686 +/- 451 kJ/day in OB2, OB0, and C, respectively). The thermic response to the mixed meal was similar in OB2, OB0 and C groups. The TEM calculated as the percentage of RMR was lower (P < 0.05) in obese than in control children: 10.2% +/- 3.1% vs 10.9% +/- 4.3% vs 14.0% +/- 4.3% in OB2, OB0, and C, respectively. The similar RMR as absolute value as well as adjusted for FFM, and the comparable thermic effect of food in the obese children with or without familial history of obesity, failed to support the view that family history of obesity can greatly influence the RMR and the TEM of the obese child with obese parents.
Mots-clé
Basal Metabolism, Body Temperature Regulation/genetics, Body Temperature Regulation/physiology, Case-Control Studies, Child, Eating/physiology, Energy Intake, Energy Metabolism, Female, Humans, Male, Obesity/genetics, Obesity/metabolism
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
21/01/2008 14:08
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:58
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