Molecular characterization of signalling complexes involved in G-protein coupled receptor-induced cardiac hypertrophy


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Thèse: thèse de doctorat.
Molecular characterization of signalling complexes involved in G-protein coupled receptor-induced cardiac hypertrophy
Del Vescovo C. D.
Diviani  D., Cotecchia  S.
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Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
Faculté de biologie et de médecineUniversité de LausanneUNIL - BugnonRue du Bugnon 21 - bureau 4111CH-1015 LausanneSUISSE
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In response to pathological stresses, the heart undergoes a remodelling process associated with cardiac hypertrophy. Since sustained hypertrophy can progress to heart failure, there is an intense investigation about the intracellular signalling pathways that control cardiomyocyte growth.
Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that most stimuli known to initiate pathological changes associated with the development of cardiac hypertrophy activate G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) including the αl-adrenergic- (αl-AR), Angiotensin II- (AT-R) and endothelin-1- (ET-R) receptors. In this context, we have previously identified a cardiac scaffolding protein, called AKAP-Lbc (Α-kinase anchoring protein), with an intrinsic Rho specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor activity, that plays a key role in integrating and transducing hypertrophic signals initiated by these GPCRs (Appert-Collin, Cotecchia et al. 2007). Activated RhoA controls the transcriptional activation of genes involved in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy through signalling pathways that remain to be characterized.
Here, we identified the nuclear factor-Kappa Β (NF-κΒ) activating kinase ΙΚΚβ as a novel AKAP-Lbc interacting protein. This raises the hypothesis that AKAP-Lbc might promote cardiomyocyte growth by maintaining a signalling complex that promotes the activation of the pro-hypertrophic transcription factor NF-κΒ. In fact, the activation of NF- κΒ-dependent transcription has been detected in numerous disease contexts, including hypertrophy, ischemia/reperfusion injury, myocardial infarction, allograft rejection, myocarditis, apoptosis, and more (Hall, Hasday et al. 2006). While it is known by more than a decade that NF-κΒ is a critical mediator of cardiac hypertrophy, it is currently poorly understood how pro-hypertrophic signals controlling NF-κΒ transcriptional activity are integrated and coordinated within cardiomyocytes.
In this study, we show that AKAP-Lbc and ΙΚΚβ form a transduction complex in cardiomyocytes that couples activation of αl-ARs to NF-κB-mediated transcriptional reprogramming events associated with cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. In particular, we can show that activation of ΙΚΚβ within the AKAP-Lbc complex promotes NF-κB-dependent production of interleukine-6 (IL-6), which, in turn, enhances foetal gene expression. These findings indicate that the AKAP-Lbc/ΙΚΚβ complex is critical for selectively directing catecholamine signals to the induction of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy.
Création de la notice
11/02/2013 16:24
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:51
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