Neurocognitive Benefits of Physiotherapy for Spinal Cord Injury.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_454D57C27A25
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Neurocognitive Benefits of Physiotherapy for Spinal Cord Injury.
Périodique
Journal of neurotrauma
Auteur(s)
Scandola M., Dodoni L., Lazzeri G., Arcangeli C.A., Avesani R., Moro V., Ionta S.
ISSN
1557-9042 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0897-7151
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
15/06/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
36
Numéro
12
Pages
2028-2035
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Spinal cord injury (SCI) interrupts the brain-body input-output exchange and modifies the mental representation of disconnected body parts, with decreased reliance on sensorimotor aspects of body representation and increased weighting of visuospatial ones. We hypothesized that physiotherapy-related benefits might extend to the re-establishment of the typical interplay between these two types of strategies. To test this hypothesis, we asked 42 participants (21 individuals with SCI pre- and post-physiotherapy, plus 21 controls) to perform mental rotation of corporal images (a cognitive task than can activate one or the other strategy). Results showed that only after physiotherapy the individuals with SCI showed the sensorimotor biomechanical effect (orientation-dependent modulation of response times) for the mental rotation of foot images (absent in pre-physiotherapy). This highlights that body representation is adaptable to contingent conditions, in that the reliance on sensorimotor or visuospatial strategies can be altered and, at least partially, restored as a function of physiotherapy.
Mots-clé
BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENTS, COGNITIVE FUNCTION, NEUROPLASTICITY, REHABILITATION, spinal cord injury, human, motor cognition, nervous system, neurorehabilitation, perceptual motor coordination
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
05/01/2019 16:45
Dernière modification de la notice
21/08/2019 5:37
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