Neuroimaging of developmental psychopathologies: the importance of self-regulatory and neuroplastic processes in adolescence.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_44FB4B5684F6
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Neuroimaging of developmental psychopathologies: the importance of self-regulatory and neuroplastic processes in adolescence.
Périodique
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Auteur(s)
Spessot A.L., Plessen K.J., Peterson B.S.
ISSN
0077-8923 (Print)
ISSN-L
0077-8923
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
06/2004
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
1021
Pages
86-104
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't ; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. ; Review
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Normal brain maturational and developmental processes, together with plastic reorganization of the brain in response to experiential demands, contribute to the acquisition of improved capacities for self-regulation and impulse control during adolescence. The frontal lobe is a main focus for these developmental and plastic processes during the transition from adolescence into adulthood. Tourette syndrome (TS), defined as the chronic presence of motor and vocal tics, has been increasingly conceptualized as a disorder of impaired self-regulatory control. This disordered control is thought to give rise to semicompulsory urges to perform the movements that constitute simple tics, complex tics, or compulsions. Neuroimaging studies suggest that the expression of the genetic diathesis to TS is influenced by genetic and nongenetic factors affecting activity-dependent reorganization of neuroregulatory systems, thereby influencing the phenotype, illness severity, and adult outcome of tic disorders. Similar developmental processes during adolescence likely determine the phenotype and natural history of a broad range of other complex neuropsychiatric disorders of childhood onset, and they likely contribute to the acquisition of improved self-regulatory capacities that characterize normal adolescent development.
Mots-clé
Adolescent, Animals, Basal Ganglia/pathology, Basal Ganglia/physiopathology, Brain/growth & development, Brain/physiopathology, Diagnostic Imaging/methods, Humans, Impulsive Behavior/physiopathology, Nerve Net/anatomy & histology, Nerve Net/physiopathology, Neuronal Plasticity/physiology, Neurosecretory Systems/physiopathology, Psychopathology, Social Control, Informal, Tic Disorders/etiology, Tic Disorders/physiopathology, Tourette Syndrome/complications, Tourette Syndrome/physiopathology, Tourette Syndrome/psychology
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
21/02/2019 10:19
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 13:49
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