Association between non-medical prescription drug use and personality traits among young Swiss men.

Détails

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Etat: Public
Version: Author's accepted manuscript
ID Serval
serval:BIB_44ECF453F0F0
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Association between non-medical prescription drug use and personality traits among young Swiss men.
Périodique
Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Auteur(s)
N'Goran A.A., Baggio S., Deline S., Studer J., Mohler-Kuo M., Daeppen J.B., Gmel G.
ISSN
1440-1819 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1323-1316
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
08/2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
69
Numéro
4
Pages
228-237
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
AIM: To investigate the relationships between six classes of non-medical prescription drug use (NMPDU) and five personality traits.
METHODS: Representative baseline data on 5777 Swiss men around 20 years old were taken from the Cohort Study on Substance Use Risk Factors. NMPDU of opioid analgesics, sedatives/sleeping pills, anxiolytics, antidepressants, beta-blockers and stimulants over the previous 12 months was measured. Personality was assessed using the Brief Sensation Seeking Scale; attention deficit-hyperactivity (ADH) using the Adult Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder Self-Report Scale; and aggression/hostility, anxiety/neuroticism and sociability using the Zuckerman-Kuhlmann Personality Questionnaire. Logistic regression models for each personality trait were fitted, as were seven multiple logistic regression models predicting each NMPDU adjusting for all personality traits and covariates.
RESULTS: Around 10.7% of participants reported NMPDU in the last 12 months, with opioid analgesics most prevalent (6.7%), then sedatives/sleeping pills (3.0%), anxiolytics (2.7%), and stimulants (1.9%). Sensation seeking (SS), ADH, aggression/hostility, and anxiety/neuroticism (but not sociability) were significantly positively associated with at least one drug class (OR varied between 1.24, 95%CI: 1.04-1.48 and 1.86, 95%CI: 1.47-2.35). Aggression/hostility, anxiety/neuroticism and ADH were significantly and positively related to almost all NMPDU. Sociability was inversely related to NMPDU of sedatives/sleeping pills and anxiolytics (OR, 0.70; 95%CI: 0.51-0.96 and OR, 0.64; 95%CI: 0.46-0.90, respectively). SS was related only to stimulant use (OR, 1.74; 95%CI: 1.14-2.65).
CONCLUSION: People with higher scores for ADH, aggression/hostility and anxiety/neuroticism are at higher risk of NMPDU. Sociability appeared to protect from NMPDU of sedatives/sleeping pills and anxiolytics.
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
21/08/2014 14:18
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 13:49
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