Evolution in group-structured populations can resolve the tragedy of the commons.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_41576E09FB03
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Evolution in group-structured populations can resolve the tragedy of the commons.
Périodique
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B Biological Sciences
Auteur⸱e⸱s
Killingback T., Bieri J., Flatt T.
ISSN
0962-8452 (Print)
ISSN-L
0962-8452
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2006
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
273
Numéro
1593
Pages
1477-1481
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Public goods are the key features of all human societies and are also important in many animal societies. Collaborative hunting and collective defence are but two examples of public goods that have played a crucial role in the development of human societies and still play an important role in many animal societies. Public goods allow societies composed largely of cooperators to outperform societies composed mainly of non-cooperators. However, public goods also provide an incentive for individuals to be selfish by benefiting from the public good without contributing to it. This is the essential paradox of cooperation-known variously as the Tragedy of the Commons, Multi-person Prisoner's Dilemma or Social Dilemma. Here, we show that a new model for evolution in group-structured populations provides a simple and effective mechanism for the emergence and maintenance of cooperation in such a social dilemma. This model does not depend on kin selection, direct or indirect reciprocity, punishment, optional participation or trait-group selection. Since this mechanism depends only on population dynamics and requires no cognitive abilities on the part of the agents concerned, it potentially applies to organisms at all levels of complexity.
Mots-clé
Animals, Biological Evolution, Computer Simulation, Cooperative Behavior, Game Theory, Models, Biological, Population Dynamics
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
28/01/2013 13:24
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 13:41
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