Socioeconomic Differences in Dietary Patterns in an East African Country: Evidence from the Republic of Seychelles.

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_3C278D8FF99F.P001.pdf (241.16 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_3C278D8FF99F
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Socioeconomic Differences in Dietary Patterns in an East African Country: Evidence from the Republic of Seychelles.
Périodique
PloS one
Auteur(s)
Mayén A.L., Bovet P., Marti-Soler H., Viswanathan B., Gedeon J., Paccaud F., Marques-Vidal P., Stringhini S.
ISSN
1932-6203 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1932-6203
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
11
Numéro
5
Pages
e0155617
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Résumé
In high income countries, low socioeconomic status (SES) is related to unhealthier dietary patterns, while evidence on the social patterning of diet in low and middle income countries is scarce.
In this study, we assess dietary patterns in the general population of a middle income country in the African region, the Republic of Seychelles, and examine their distribution according to educational level and income.
Data was drawn from two independent national surveys conducted in the Seychelles among adults aged 25-64 years in 2004 (n = 1236) and 2013 (n = 1240). Dietary patterns were assessed by principal component analysis (PCA). Educational level and income were used as SES indicators. Data from both surveys were combined as no interaction was found between SES and year.
Three dietary patterns were identified: "snacks and drinks", "fruit and vegetables" and "fish and rice". No significant associations were found between SES and the "snacks and drinks" pattern. Low vs. high SES individuals had lower adherence to the "fruit and vegetables" pattern [prevalence ratio (95% CI) 0.71 (0.60-0.83)] but a higher adherence to the traditional "fish and rice" pattern [1.58 (1.32-1.88)]. Income modified the association between education and the "fish and rice" pattern (p = 0.02), whereby low income individuals had a higher adherence to this pattern in both educational groups.
Low SES individuals have a lower consumption of fruit and vegetables, but a higher consumption of traditional foods like fish and rice. The Seychelles may be at a degenerative diseases stage of the nutrition transition.

Mots-clé
Adult, Africa, Eastern/epidemiology, Beverages/statistics & numerical data, Diet/statistics & numerical data, Diet Surveys/statistics & numerical data, Feeding Behavior/ethnology, Female, Fruit, Humans, Income, Male, Middle Aged, Seychelles/epidemiology, Social Class, Socioeconomic Factors, Vegetables
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
14/06/2016 16:35
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:32
Données d'usage