The human working memory system: Brain localizations of working memory and attention function tests through brain lesion study

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ID Serval
serval:BIB_39ACB6D90B35
Type
Mémoire
Sous-type
(Mémoire de) maîtrise (master)
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
The human working memory system: Brain localizations of working memory and attention function tests through brain lesion study
Auteur(s)
Weitnauer L.
Directeur(s)
Draganski B.
Détails de l'institution
Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
Statut éditorial
Acceptée
Date de publication
2015
Langue
anglais
Nombre de pages
38
Résumé
According to the definition proposed by Baddeley (1) working memory is considered as a construct of a
temporary storage and an executive system. It can be further decomposed in an attentional control system, the
“central executive” and three subsidiary slave systems – the phonological loop, the visuospatial sketchpad and
the episodic buffer. The idea of storage systems which support the central executive is widely accepted in
literature. However, the organization and localization of the central executive or alternative systems (Stuss et al.
(2)) remains unclear.
This study investigated the mapping of working memory and attention to brain anatomy to prove controversies
about the link between brain function and structure. I used high-resolution brain structure magnetic resonance
imaging (MRI) data acquired from 32 patients with chronic stroke lesions. I applied a novel technique for
automated lesion detection in the framework of voxel-based morphometry (VBM) to correlate estimates of
grey/white matter volume with behavioral data from well-established test battery – the California Verbal
Learning Test (CVLT), Testbatterie zur Aufmerksamkeitsprüfung (TAP) and Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised
(WMS-R). Using a feature reduction technique, called principal component analysis (PCA), I looked for analytical
strategies to investigate principal behavioral tendencies from the plenitude of partially correlated subscores
within and between the applied tests. Here, I confirm empirically the established separation between storage
systems and a possible central executive. However, we failed to demonstrate a core WM network by using
currently available analytical techniques, which we ascribe to methodological issues. The non-significant results
in the principal component analysis are mostly due to the low statistical power of our sample (n=32). However,
the idea of using a PCA to reunion WM processes stays a potential access to investigate brain networks with
multiple functions.
Mots-clé
Working Memory, Attention, Central Executive, MRI brain lesion study, VBM
Création de la notice
08/08/2017 15:19
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:29
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