Unusual astrocyte reactivity caused by the food mycotoxin ochratoxin A in aggregating rat brain cell cultures.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_35682
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Unusual astrocyte reactivity caused by the food mycotoxin ochratoxin A in aggregating rat brain cell cultures.
Périodique
Neuroscience
Auteur(s)
Zurich M.G., Lengacher S., Braissant O., Monnet-Tschudi F., Pellerin L., Honegger P.
ISSN
0306-4522[print], 0306-4522[linking]
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2005
Volume
134
Numéro
3
Pages
771-782
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Ochratoxin A (OTA), a mycotoxin and widespread food contaminant, is known for its patent nephrotoxicity and potential neurotoxicity. Previous observations in vitro showed that in the CNS, glial cells were particularly sensitive to OTA. In the search for the molecular mechanisms underlying OTA neurotoxicity, we investigated the relationship between OTA toxicity and glial reactivity, in serum-free aggregating brain cell cultures. Using quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction to analyze changes in gene expression, we found that in astrocytes, non cytotoxic concentrations of OTA down-regulated glial fibrillary acidic protein, while it up-regulated vimentin and the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma expression. OTA also up-regulated the inducible nitric oxide synthase and the heme oxygenase-1. These OTA-induced alterations in gene expression were more pronounced in cultures at an advanced stage of maturation. The natural peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma ligand, 15-deoxy-delta(12,14) prostaglandin J2, and the cyclic AMP analog, bromo cyclic AMP, significantly attenuated the strong induction of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma and inducible nitric oxide synthase, while they partially reversed the inhibitory effect of OTA on glial fibrillary acidic protein. The present results show that OTA affects the cytoskeletal integrity of astrocytes as well as the expression of genes pertaining to the brain inflammatory response system, and suggest that a relationship exists between the inflammatory events and the cytoskeletal changes induced by OTA. Furthermore, these results suggest that, by inducing an atypical glial reactivity, OTA may severely affect the neuroprotective capacity of glial cells.
Mots-clé
Animals, Astrocytes/drug effects, Astrocytes/physiology, Brain/cytology, Cell Aggregation/drug effects, Cells, Cultured, Culture Media, Serum-Free/pharmacology, Cyclic AMP/metabolism, Cyclic AMP/pharmacology, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Drug Interactions, Embryo, Mammalian, Extracellular Fluid/drug effects, Extracellular Fluid/metabolism, Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects, Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein/genetics, Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein/metabolism, Glutamate-Ammonia Ligase/genetics, Glutamate-Ammonia Ligase/metabolism, Heme Oxygenase (Decyclizing)/genetics, Heme Oxygenase (Decyclizing)/metabolism, Heme Oxygenase-1, Hydro-Lyases/metabolism, Immunohistochemistry/methods, In Situ Hybridization/methods, Mycotoxins/pharmacology, Nitric Oxide Synthase/genetics, Nitric Oxide Synthase/metabolism, Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II, Ochratoxins/pharmacology, PPAR gamma/genetics, PPAR gamma/metabolism, Prostaglandin D2/analogs &amp, derivatives, Prostaglandin D2/pharmacology, RNA, Messenger/metabolism, Rats, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods, Time Factors, Vimentin/genetics, Vimentin/metabolism
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
19/11/2007 13:34
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:22
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