Quality assurance in road traffic analyses in Switzerland.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_353C1FF54D1D
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Sous-type
Synthèse (review): revue aussi complète que possible des connaissances sur un sujet, rédigée à partir de l'analyse exhaustive des travaux publiés.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Quality assurance in road traffic analyses in Switzerland.
Périodique
Forensic Science International
Auteur(s)
Briellmann T.A., Sigrist T., Augsburger M., Favrat B., Oestreich A., Deom A.
ISSN
1872-6283[electronic], 0379-0738[linking]
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2010
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
198
Numéro
1-3
Pages
7-10
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Swiss laboratories performing toxicological road traffic analyses have been authorized for many years by the Swiss Federal Roads Office (FEDRO). In 2003 FEDRO signed a contract with the Swiss Society of Legal Medicine (SSLM) to organize the complete quality management concerning road traffic analyses. For this purpose a multidisciplinary working group was established under the name of "road traffic commission (RTC)". RTC has to organize external quality control, to interpret the results of these controls, to perform audits in the laboratories and to report all results to FEDRO. Furthermore the working group can be mandated for special tasks by FEDRO. As an independent organization the Swiss Center for Quality Control (CSCQ) in Geneva manages the external quality controls in the laboratory over the past years. All tested drugs and psychoactive substances are listed in a federal instruction. The so-called 'zero tolerance substances' (THC, morphine, cocaine, amphetamine, methamphetamine, MDMA and MDEA) and their metabolites have to be tested once a year, all other substances (benzodiazepines, zolpidem, phenobarbital, etc.) periodically. Results over the last years show that all laboratories are generally within the confidence interval of +/-30% of the mean value. In cases of non-conformities measures have to be taken immediately and reported to the working group. External audits are performed triennially but accredited laboratories can combine this audit with the approval of the Swiss Accreditation Service (SAS). During the audits a special checklist filled in by the laboratory director is assessed. Non-conformities have to be corrected. During the process of establishing a new legislation, RTC had an opportunity of advising FEDRO. In collaboration with FEDRO, RTC and hence SSLM can work actively on improving of quality assurance in road traffic toxicological analyses, and has an opportunity to bring its professional requests to the federal authorities.
Mots-clé
Drugs and driving, quality assurance, Swiss laboratories
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
29/01/2010 15:49
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:22
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