The European Respiratory Society spirometry tent: a unique form of screening for airway obstruction.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_34415F1BCF3A
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
The European Respiratory Society spirometry tent: a unique form of screening for airway obstruction.
Périodique
European Respiratory Journal
Auteur(s)
Maio S., Sherrill D.L., MacNee W., Lange P., Costabel U., Dahlén S.E., Sybrecht G.W., Burghuber O.C., Stevenson R., Tønnesen P., Haeussinger K., Hedlin G., Bauer T.T., Riedler J., Nicod L., Carlsen K.H., Viegi G.
Collaborateur(s)
European Respiratory Society/European Lung Foundation Spirometry Tent Working Group
Contributeur(s)
Hansen EF., Blum T., Pocuili O., Inger K., Renström A., Blum T., Dostal M., Yassin L., Urban M., Firlinger I., Geyer K.
ISSN
1399-3003 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0903-1936
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2012
Volume
39
Numéro
6
Pages
1458-1467
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
In order to raise public awareness of the importance of early detection of airway obstruction and to enable many people who had not been tested previously to have their lung function measured, the European Lung Foundation and the European Respiratory Society (ERS) organised a spirometry testing tent during the annual ERS Congresses in 2004-2009. Spirometry was performed during the ERS Congresses in volunteers; all participants answered a simple, brief questionnaire on their descriptive characteristics, smoking and asthma. Portable spirometers were freely provided by the manufacturer. Nurses and doctors from pulmonary departments of local hospitals/universities gave their service for free. Lower limit of normal (LLN) and Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) criteria for diagnosing and grading airway obstruction were used. Of 12,448 participants in six congress cities, 10,395 (83.5%) performed acceptable spirometry (mean age 51.0 ± 18.4 yrs; 25.5% smokers; 5.5% asthmatic). Airway obstruction was present in 12.4% of investigated subjects according to LLN criteria and 20.3% according to GOLD criteria. Through multinomial logistic regression analysis, age, smoking habits and asthma were significant risk factors for airway obstruction. Relative risk ratio and 95% confidence interval for LLN stage I, for example, was 2.9 (2.0-4.1) for the youngest age (≤ 19 yrs), 1.9 (1.2-3.0) for the oldest age (≥ 80 yrs), 2.4 (2.0-2.9) for current smokers and 2.8 (2.2-3.6) for reported asthma diagnosis. In addition to being a useful advocacy tool, the spirometry tent represents an unusual occasion for early detection of airway obstruction in large numbers of city residents with an important public health perspective.
Mots-clé
Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Airway Obstruction/diagnosis, Airway Obstruction/epidemiology, Asthma/epidemiology, European Continental Ancestry Group/statistics & numerical data, Female, Health Surveys/statistics & numerical data, Humans, Male, Mass Screening/methods, Mass Screening/statistics & numerical data, Middle Aged, Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/diagnosis, Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/epidemiology, Questionnaires, Risk Factors, Smoking/epidemiology, Spirometry/methods, Spirometry/statistics & numerical data, Young Adult
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
22/07/2012 21:16
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 13:20
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