Epidémiologie de la lithiase urinaire chez l'enfant [Urinary calculi epidemiology in children].

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_33232
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Sous-type
Synthèse (review): revue aussi complète que possible des connaissances sur un sujet, rédigée à partir de l'analyse exhaustive des travaux publiés.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Epidémiologie de la lithiase urinaire chez l'enfant [Urinary calculi epidemiology in children].
Périodique
Revue Médicale de la Suisse Romande
Auteur⸱e⸱s
Cachat F., Barbey F., Guignard J.P.
ISSN
0035-3655 (Print)
ISSN-L
0035-3655
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2004
Volume
124
Numéro
8
Pages
433-437
Langue
français
Notes
Publication types: English Abstract ; Journal Article ; Review
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
We identified 40 pediatric patients with urolithiasis. There were 27 boys and 13 girls. Initial symptoms were abdominal pain, with or without microscopic hematuria in 40% of the cases, and urinary tract infection/pyelonephritis in 25% of the cases. Stones were made of struvite (35% of the cases), calcium-phosphate (25%) or calcium-oxalate (20%). The high prevalence of struvite stones reflects the importance of urinary tract infection a major cause of urolithiasis in that specific age group. Hypercalciuria was the most common urinary biochemical abnormality, found in more than 50% of the children. In the absence of a spontaneous passage of the stone, extra-corporeal shock wave lithotripsy represents an excellent therapeutic option. This article emphasizes the importance of stone analysis and extensive biochemical investigations in children with urolithiasis, in order to avoid recurrence and potential progression towards chronic renal failure.
Mots-clé
Child, Female, Humans, Male, Urinary Calculi/chemistry, Urinary Calculi/epidemiology
Pubmed
Création de la notice
19/11/2007 12:32
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 13:18
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