Keratinocyte growth factor decreases total parenteral nutrition-induced apoptosis in mouse intestinal epithelium via Bcl-2.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_32ECD4B43E61
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Keratinocyte growth factor decreases total parenteral nutrition-induced apoptosis in mouse intestinal epithelium via Bcl-2.
Périodique
Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Auteur(s)
Wildhaber B.E., Yang H., Teitelbaum D.H.
ISSN
1531-5037 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0022-3468
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2003
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
38
Numéro
1
Pages
92-6; discussion 92-6
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't ; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) induces epithelial cell (EC) apoptosis. Keratinocyte Growth Factor (KGF) increases EC-growth; however, little is known of its effect on apoptosis. This study aims to determine if mRNA expression of Bcl-2 proteins (major mediators of epithelial cell apoptosis) is altered with TPN, and if KGF-administration influences Bcl-2 family expression.
METHODS: C57BL/6J mice (n = 6 per group) received oral feeding (control), TPN (TPN), or TPN plus intravenous KGF daily (TPN + KGF). After 7 days, intestine was harvested and EC isolated. Apoptosis was identified using flow cytometry. EC mRNA expression of Bcl-2 family members was measured by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction; Bcl-2 protein level was measured by immunoblot analysis.
RESULTS: EC apoptotic rates were: control, 14.4% +/- 5.1%; TPN, 29.4% +/- 11.3%; KGF, 17.2% +/- 5.6%. Pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 proteins changed minimally with TPN or KGF; however, the antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2 changed significantly: control, 0.78 +/- 0.24; TPN, 0.10 +/- 0.13; KGF, 0.76 +/- 0.36. EC Bcl-2 protein levels were: control, 0.16 +/- 0.13; TPN 0.18 +/- 0.16; and TPN + KGF 0.47 +/- 0.19.
CONCLUSIONS: TPN-induced apoptosis decreased Bcl-2 mRNA expression. KGF decreased EC apoptosis and increased Bcl-2 expression. Modalities to increase endogenous KGF, or KGF-administration may have benefit in patients on TPN.
Mots-clé
Animals, Apoptosis/physiology, Down-Regulation, Fibroblast Growth Factor 7, Fibroblast Growth Factors/physiology, Immunoblotting, Intestinal Mucosa/cytology, Intestinal Mucosa/metabolism, Intestine, Small/cytology, Intestine, Small/metabolism, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Parenteral Nutrition, Total, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/biosynthesis, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/physiology, RNA, Messenger/biosynthesis
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
21/02/2015 13:12
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 13:18
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