Single-Pill, Triple Antihypertensive Therapy in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa: Preliminary Experience.

Détails

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Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
Licence: CC BY-NC 4.0
ID Serval
serval:BIB_31BB69652297
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Single-Pill, Triple Antihypertensive Therapy in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa: Preliminary Experience.
Périodique
Cardiology and therapy
Auteur⸱e⸱s
Stroppa C., Hunjan I., Umulisa A., Irebe B., Parati G., Bianchetti M.G., Muvunyi B., Ntaganda E., Sinabubaraga V., Radovanovic D., Lava SAG, Muggli F.
ISSN
2193-8261 (Print)
ISSN-L
2193-6544
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
06/2024
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
13
Numéro
2
Pages
431-442
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Worldwide, arterial hypertension is the foremost preventable and modifiable cardiovascular risk factor. In addition to lifestyle changes, recent international guidelines recommend single-pill, low-dose combinations as initial treatment strategy. We investigated whether this approach is feasible in a rural sub-Saharan Africa setting.
Diagnosis of hypertension was established over three sets of blood pressure measurements, performed according to the European Society of Hypertension recommendations by trained personnel, using a validated, automated, oscillometric device OMRON M7 IT-HEM-7322-E. In 98 individuals with arterial hypertension, a once-daily, single-pill combination of olmesartan, amlodipine, and hydrochlorothiazide was prescribed at an appropriate dose. Patients were instructed on its administration and potential side effects and encouraged towards lifestyle modifications. The treatment regimen was adjusted, if needed, at each outpatient clinic scheduled after 4, 8, 12, and 16 weeks.
Seventy-nine patients (aged 61 [53-70] years; median and interquartile range) strictly adhered to the treatment schedule, while 19 individuals (70 [65-80] years) dropped out. Blood pressure was < 140/90 mmHg after 4 weeks in 44 (56%), after 8 weeks in 62 (78%), after 12 weeks in 69 (87%), and after 16 weeks in 74 (94%) participants. Excellent tolerance was reported.
These results provide real-life evidence that hypertension management with a once-daily, single-pill combination of olmesartan, amlodipine, and hydrochlorothiazide as initial treatment is feasible and effective also in a rural sub-Saharan setting. Single-pill combinations should be made available also in rural and remote areas in low- and middle-income countries as a reliable first-line treatment strategy.
Mots-clé
Amlodipine, Arterial hypertension, Blood pressure, Hydrochlothiazide, Olmesartan, Polypill, Rural, Single-pill combination, Sub-Saharan Africa
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
15/02/2024 17:52
Dernière modification de la notice
22/05/2024 7:09
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