Reduced physical activity level and cardiorespiratory fitness in children with chronic diseases.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_2AF128DF895E
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Reduced physical activity level and cardiorespiratory fitness in children with chronic diseases.
Périodique
European journal of pediatrics
Auteur(s)
Maggio A.B., Hofer M.F., Martin X.E., Marchand L.M., Beghetti M., Farpour-Lambert N.J.
ISSN
1432-1076 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0340-6199
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
10/2010
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
169
Numéro
10
Pages
1187-1193
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
We aimed to compare physical activity level and cardiorespiratory fitness in children with different chronic diseases, such as type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), obesity (OB) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), with healthy controls (HC). We performed a cross-sectional study including 209 children: OB: n = 45, T1DM: n = 48, JIA: n = 31, and HC: n = 85. Physical activity level was assessed by accelerometer and cardiorespiratory fitness by a treadmill test. ANOVA, linear regressions and Pearson correlations were used. Children with chronic diseases had reduced total daily physical activity counts (T1DM 497 +/- 54 cpm, p = 0.003; JIA 518 +/- 28, p < 0.001, OB 590 +/- 25, p = 0.003) and cardiorespiratory fitness (JIA 39.3 +/- 1.7, p = 0.001, OB 41.7 +/- 1.2, p = 0.020) compared to HC (668 +/- 35 cpm; 45.3 +/- 0.9 ml kg(-1) min(-1), respectively). Only 60.4% of HC, 51.6% of OB, 38.1% of JIA and 38.5% of T1DM children met the recommended daily 60 min of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Low cardiorespiratory fitness was associated with female gender and low daily PA.
Children with chronic diseases had reduced physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness. As the benefits of PA on health have been well demonstrated during growth, it should be encouraged in those children to prevent a reduction of cardiorespiratory fitness and the development of comorbidities.

Mots-clé
Adolescent, Analysis of Variance, Arthritis, Juvenile/physiopathology, Case-Control Studies, Child, Child, Preschool, Cross-Sectional Studies, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/physiopathology, Exercise Test, Female, Humans, Linear Models, Male, Motor Activity/physiology, Obesity/physiopathology, Oxygen Consumption/physiology, Physical Fitness/physiology
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
14/09/2010 12:49
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 13:10
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