Exposure to tobacco smoke before and after a partial smoking ban in prison: indoors air quality measures

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_2ADF521B9736
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Exposure to tobacco smoke before and after a partial smoking ban in prison: indoors air quality measures
Périodique
Tobacco Control
Auteur(s)
Ritter Catherine, Huynh Cong Khanh, Etter Jen-François, Elger Bernice S.
ISSN
1468-3318 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0964-4563
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2012
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
21
Numéro
5
Pages
488-491
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: JOURNAL ARTICLE
Résumé
Although exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) is reportedly high in prison, few studies have measured this in the prison environment, and none have done so in Europe. We measured two indicators of SHS exposure (particulate matter PM10 and nicotine) in fixed locations before (2009) and after (2010) introduction of a partial smoking ban in a Swiss prison. Access to smoking cessation support was available to detainees throughout the study. Objectives To measure SHS before and after the introduction of a partial smoking ban. Methods Assessment of particulate matter PM10 (suspended microparticles of 10 μm) and nicotine in ambient air, collected by real-time aerosol monitor and nicotine monitoring devices. Results The authors observed a significant improvement of nicotine concentrations in the air after the introduction of the smoking ban (before: 7.0 μg/m(3), after: 2.1 μg/m(3), difference 4.9 μg/m(3), 95% CI for difference: 0.52 to 9.8, p=0.03) but not in particulate matter PM10 (before: 0.11 mg/m(3), after: 0.06 mg/m(3), difference 0.06 mg/m(3), 95% CI for difference of means: -0.07 to 0.19, p=0.30). Conclusions The partial smoking ban was followed by a decrease in nicotine concentrations in ambient air. These improvements can be attributed to the introduction of the smoking ban since no other policy change occurred during this period. Although this shows that concentrations of SHS decreased significantly, protection was still incomplete and further action is necessary to improve indoor air quality.
Mots-clé
Tobacco Smoke Pollution , Particulate Matter/analysis , Smoking Cessation , Prisons , Switzerland
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
16/08/2011 14:22
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 13:10
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