A template for constructing Bayesian networks in forensic biology cases when considering activity level propositions

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: Taylor 2018 Template BNs FSIgenetics.pdf (1118.24 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_2ACF595BC6B2
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
A template for constructing Bayesian networks in forensic biology cases when considering activity level propositions
Périodique
Forensic Science International: Genetics
Auteur(s)
Taylor Duncan, Biedermann Alex, Hicks Tacha, Champod Christophe
ISSN
1872-4973
ISSN-L
1872-4973
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
03/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
33
Pages
136-146
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
The hierarchy of propositions has been accepted amongst the forensic science community for some time. It is also accepted that the higher up the hierarchy the propositions are, against which the scientist are competent to evaluate their results, the more directly useful the testimony will be to the court. Because each case represents a unique set of circumstances and findings, it is difficult to come up with a standard structure for evaluation. One common tool that assists in this task is Bayesian networks (BNs). There is much diversity in the way that BN can be constructed. In this work, we develop a template for BN construction that allows sufficient flexibility to address most cases, but enough commonality and structure that the flow of information in the BN is readily recognised at a glance. We provide seven steps that can be used to construct BNs within this structure and demonstrate how they can be applied, using a case example.

Mots-clé
Pathology and Forensic Medicine, Genetics, Activity level propositions, Bayesian networks, DNA, Data, Evidence evaluation, Likelihood ratio, Pathology and Forensic Medicine, Genetics
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
10/01/2018 10:25
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 13:10
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