Interpretation bias toward ambiguous information in burnout and depression

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_274077C6FF28
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Interpretation bias toward ambiguous information in burnout and depression
Périodique
Personality and Individual Differences
Auteur(s)
Bianchi Renzo, Laurent Eric, Schonfeld Irvin Sam, Verkuilen Jay, Berna Chantal
ISSN
0191-8869
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
12/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
135
Pages
216-221
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Burnout has been defined as a job-related syndrome combining pervasive
fatigue and loss of motivation. In recent years, evidence has mounted
that burnout may reflect a depressive condition. In this study, we
expanded on past investigations of burnout-depression overlap by
focusing on interpretation biases toward ambiguous information among the
two entities. We conducted a web-based study involving 1056 participants
(83% female; mean age: 42.87). Burnout symptoms were assessed with the
Shirom-Melamed Burnout Measure and depressive symptoms with the PHQ-9.
The Ambiguous Scenarios Test (AST), a measure of interpretation bias
validated among dysphoric individuals, was the outcome of interest. The
AST consists of 24 scenarios that respondents are requested to imagine
and assess in terms of (un)pleasantness. Burnout and depression each
correlated moderately and negatively with scenario pleasantness.
Participants reporting "high" levels of burnout and depression exhibited
a negativity bias when interpreting scenarios whereas participants with
either "low" or "medium" levels of burnout and depression exhibited a
positivity bias. Remarkably, burnout and depression were similarly
associated with the pleasantness of job-related scenarios. Like
depression, burnout may involve a propensity to interpret ambiguous
information negatively. This study supports the view that burnout is
associated with a depressive cognitive style.

Mots-clé
General Psychology
Web of science
Création de la notice
22/10/2018 16:13
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 13:06
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