Central nervous system stimulants and sport practice.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_269638E50C92
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Sous-type
Synthèse (review): revue aussi complète que possible des connaissances sur un sujet, rédigée à partir de l'analyse exhaustive des travaux publiés.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Central nervous system stimulants and sport practice.
Périodique
British journal of sports medicine
Auteur(s)
Avois L., Robinson N., Saudan C., Baume N., Mangin P., Saugy M.
ISSN
1473-0480[electronic]
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2006
Volume
40 Suppl 1
Pages
i16-20
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Review - Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Central nervous system (CNS) stimulants may be used to reduce tiredness and increase alertness, competitiveness, and aggression. They are more likely to be used in competition but may be used during training to increase the intensity of the training session. There are several potential dangers involving their misuse in contact sports. This paper reviews the three main CNS stimulants, ephedrine, amfetamine, and cocaine, in relation to misuse in sport. METHODS: Description of the pharmacology, actions, and side effects of amfetamine, cocaine, and ephedrine. RESULTS: CNS stimulants have psychotropic effects that may be perceived to be ergogenic. Some are prescription drugs, such as Ephedra alkaloids, and there are issues regarding their appropriate therapeutic use. Recently attention has been given to their widespread use by athletes, despite the lack of evidence regarding any ergogenic or real performance benefit, and their potentially serious side effects. Recreational drugs, some of which are illegal (cocaine, amfetamines), are commonly used by athletes and cause potential ergolytic effects. Overall, these drugs are important for their frequent use and mention in anti-doping laboratories statistics and the media, and their potentially serious adverse effects. CONCLUSIONS: Doping with CNS stimulants is a real public health problem and all sports authorities should participate in its prevention. Dissemination of information is essential to prevent doping in sport and to provide alternatives. Adequate training and education in this domain should be introduced.
Mots-clé
Amphetamine, Central Nervous System Stimulants, Cocaine, Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors, Doping in Sports, Ephedrine, Humans, Sports
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
16/05/2008 16:25
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 13:05
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