Occupational exposure of truck drivers to dust and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons: a pilot study in Geneva, Switzerland.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_257846EA5477
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Occupational exposure of truck drivers to dust and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons: a pilot study in Geneva, Switzerland.
Périodique
International archives of occupational and environmental health
Auteur(s)
Guillemin M.P., Herrera H., Huynh C.K., Droz P.O., Vu Duc T.
ISSN
0340-0131 (Print)
ISSN-L
0340-0131
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
1992
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
63
Numéro
7
Pages
439-447
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
The exposure to dust and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) of 15 truck drivers from Geneva, Switzerland, was measured. The drivers were divided between "long-distance" drivers and "local" drivers and between smokers and nonsmokers and were compared with a control group of 6 office workers who were also divided into smokers and nonsmokers. Dust was measured on 1 workday both by a direct-reading instrument and by sampling. The local drivers showed higher exposure to dust (0.3 mg/m3) and PAH than the long-distance drivers (0.1 mg/m3), who showed no difference with the control group. This observation may be due to the fact that the local drivers spend more time in more polluted areas, such as streets with heavy traffic and construction sites, than do the long-distance drivers. Smoking does not influence exposure to dust and PAH of professional truck drivers, as measured in this study, probably because the ventilation rate of the truck cabins is relatively high even during cold days (11-15 r/h). The distribution of dust concentrations was shown in some cases to be quite different from the expected log-normal distribution. The contribution of diesel exhaust to these exposures could not be estimated since no specific tracer was used. However, the relatively low level of dust exposure dose not support the hypothesis that present day levels of diesel exhaust particulates play a significant role in the excess occurrence of lung cancer observed in professional truck drivers.

Mots-clé
Air Pollutants, Occupational/adverse effects, Dust/adverse effects, Humans, Lung Neoplasms/etiology, Occupational Exposure, Pilot Projects, Polycyclic Compounds/adverse effects, Risk Factors, Smoking/adverse effects, Switzerland, Transportation, Vehicle Emissions/adverse effects
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
30/10/2012 15:23
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:04
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