The changing pattern of kidney cancer incidence and mortality in Europe

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_24A9432BD34A
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
The changing pattern of kidney cancer incidence and mortality in Europe
Périodique
BJU International
Auteur(s)
Levi Fabio, Ferlay Jacques, Galeone Carlotta, Lucchini Franca, Negri Eva, Boyle Peter, La Vecchia Carlo
ISSN
1464-4096
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2008
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
101
Numéro
8
Pages
949-958
Langue
anglais
Résumé
OBJECTIVE To update trends in kidney cancer mortality in 32 European countries and the European Union (EU) as a whole, as mortality from kidney cancer has increased throughout Europe until the late 1980s or early 1990s, and has tended to stabilise or decline thereafter. METHODS Data from the World Health Organization mortality database over the period 1980-2004 were used to compute age-specific and age-standardized (world standard) rates per 100 000 persons at all ages, and truncated to 35-64 years. RESULTS In men in the EU, mortality rates from kidney cancer peaked at 4.8 per 100 000 in 1990-1994, and declined to 4.1 (-13%) in 2000-2004. In women in the EU, the corresponding values were 2.1 in 1990-1994 and 1.8 (-17%) in 2000-2004. The main decreases were in Scandinavian countries, and other western European countries. In most eastern European countries kidney mortality rates tended to stabilise, even if values remained high, especially in the Czech Republic and Baltic countries. For kidney cancer incidence, there were decreases in rates for both sexes in Sweden throughout the 25-year calendar period considered. In the last 10 years considered, incidence rates decreased or tended to stabilise also in other northern European countries in both sexes, except in the UK. CONCLUSION The present work confirms and further quantifies the recent favourable trends in kidney cancer mortality and (to a lesser degree) in incidence across most European countries. Thus, improvements in diagnosis and treatments cannot largely explain the declines in mortality. Apart from a favourable role of reduced tobacco smoking in men, the interpretation of these trends remains undefined.
Mots-clé
Adult , Age Distribution, Epidemiologic Methods, Europe/epidemiology, Female, Humans, Kidney Neoplasms/mortality, Male, Middle Aged, Sex Factors, Europe
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
10/04/2008 15:14
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 13:02
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