A cross-cultural study of the higher-order structures underlying personality disorders in French-speaking Africa and Switzerland

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_219DEA8B6DFF
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
A cross-cultural study of the higher-order structures underlying personality disorders in French-speaking Africa and Switzerland
Périodique
Journal of Personality Disorders
Auteur(s)
Rigozzi C., Rossier J., Verardi S., Dahourou D., Ah-Kion U., Bhowon U., Ng Tseung C., Amoussou-Yeye D., Adjahouisso M., Bouatta C., Dougoumalé Cissé D., Mbodji M., Barry O., Minga Minga D., Ondongo F., Tsokini D., Nouri Romdhane M., Sfayhi N.
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2009
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
23
Pages
175-186
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Most studies about the higher-order dimensions to be considered in order to parsimoniously describe Personality Disorders (PDs) have identified between two and four factors but there is still no consensus about their exact number. In this context, the cultural stability of these structures might be a criterion to be considered. The aim of this study was to identify stable higher-order structures of PD traits in a French-speaking African and Swiss sample (N = 2,711). All subject completed the IPDE screening questionnaire. Using Everett's criterion and conducting a series of principal component analyses, a cross-culturally stable two- and four-factor structure were identified, associated with a total congruence coefficient of respectively .98 and .94 after Procrustes rotation. Moreover, these two structures were also highly replicable across the four African regions considered, North Africa, West Africa, Central Africa, and Mauritius, with a mean total congruence coefficient of respectively .97 and .87. The four-factor structure presented the advantage of being similar to Livesely's four components and of describing the ten PDs more accurately.
Mots-clé
Personality disorders, higher-order structure, IPDE, cross-cultural research, Africa
Création de la notice
11/11/2008 13:29
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 12:58
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