A comparison of initial antiretroviral therapy in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study and the recommendations of the International AIDS Society-USA.

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_1F2503873EB4.P001.pdf (100.38 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_1F2503873EB4
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
A comparison of initial antiretroviral therapy in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study and the recommendations of the International AIDS Society-USA.
Périodique
Plos One
Auteur(s)
Wandeler G., Keiser O., Hirschel B., Günthard H.F., Bernasconi E., Battegay M., Clerc O., Vernazza P.L., Furrer H.
Collaborateur(s)
Swiss HIV Cohort Study
Contributeur(s)
Barth J., Battegay M., Bernasconi E., Böni J., Bucher HC., Bürgisser P., Burton-Jeangros C., Calmy A., Cavassini M., Dubs R., Egger M., Elzi L., Fehr J., Fischer M., Flepp M., Francioli P., Furrer H., Fux CA., Gorgievski M., Günthard H., Hasse B., Hirsch HH., Hirschel B., Hösli I., Kahlert C., Kaiser L., Kaiser O., Kind C., Klimkait T., Kovari H., Ledergerber B., Martinetti G., Tejada BM., Müller N., Nadal D., Pantaleo G., Rauch A., Regenass S., Rickenbach M., Rudin C., Schmid P., Schultze D., Schöni-Affolter F., Schüpbach J., Speck R., Taffé P., Telenti A., Trkola A., Vernazza P., Wyl V.
ISSN
1932-6203 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1932-6203
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2011
Volume
6
Numéro
12
Pages
e27903
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
BACKGROUND: In order to facilitate and improve the use of antiretroviral therapy (ART), international recommendations are released and updated regularly. We aimed to study if adherence to the recommendations is associated with better treatment outcomes in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study (SHCS).
METHODS: Initial ART regimens prescribed to participants between 1998 and 2007 were classified according to IAS-USA recommendations. Baseline characteristics of patients who received regimens in violation with these recommendations (violation ART) were compared to other patients. Multivariable logistic and linear regression analyses were performed to identify associations between violation ART and (i) virological suppression and (ii) CD4 cell count increase, after one year.
RESULTS: Between 1998 and 2007, 4189 SHCS participants started 241 different ART regimens. A violation ART was started in 5% of patients. Female patients (adjusted odds ratio aOR 1.83, 95%CI 1.28-2.62), those with a high education level (aOR 1.49, 95%CI 1.07-2.06) or a high CD4 count (aOR 1.53, 95%CI 1.02-2.30) were more likely to receive violation ART. The proportion of patients with an undetectable viral load (<400 copies/mL) after one year was significantly lower with violation ART than with recommended regimens (aOR 0.54, 95% CI 0.37-0.80) whereas CD4 count increase after one year of treatment was similar in both groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Although more than 240 different initial regimens were prescribed, violations of the IAS-USA recommendations were uncommon. Patients receiving these regimens were less likely to have an undetectable viral load after one year, which strengthens the validity of these recommendations.
Mots-clé
Adolescent, Adult, Anti-HIV Agents/therapeutic use, Cohort Studies, Demography, Drug Prescriptions/statistics & numerical data, Female, Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data, HIV Infections/drug therapy, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Organizations, Nonprofit, Switzerland, Time Factors, Treatment Outcome, Young Adult
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
17/02/2012 21:25
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 12:55
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