The Reliability of Facial Recognition of Deceased Persons on Photographs.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_1F00D918A7B6
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
The Reliability of Facial Recognition of Deceased Persons on Photographs.
Périodique
Journal of forensic sciences
Auteur(s)
Caplova Z., Obertova Z., Gibelli D.M., Mazzarelli D., Fracasso T., Vanezis P., Sforza C., Cattaneo C.
ISSN
1556-4029 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0022-1198
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
09/2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
62
Numéro
5
Pages
1286-1291
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
PDF: Technical Notes
Résumé
In humanitarian emergencies, such as the current deceased migrants in the Mediterranean, antemortem documentation needed for identification may be limited. The use of visual identification has been previously reported in cases of mass disasters such as Thai tsunami. This pilot study explores the ability of observers to match unfamiliar faces of living and dead persons and whether facial morphology can be used for identification. A questionnaire was given to 41 students and five professionals in the field of forensic identification with the task to choose whether a facial photograph corresponds to one of the five photographs in a lineup and to identify the most useful features used for recognition. Although the overall recognition score did not significantly differ between professionals and students, the median scores of 78.1% and 80.0%, respectively, were too low to consider this method as a reliable identification method and thus needs to be supported by other means.

Mots-clé
dead migrants, facial recognition, forensic anthropology, forensic science, postmortem identification, visual identification
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
20/02/2017 10:20
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 12:55
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