French national program for prevention of healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial resistance, 1992-2008: positive trends, but perseverance needed

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_1D72D375E7C4
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
French national program for prevention of healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial resistance, 1992-2008: positive trends, but perseverance needed
Périodique
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol
Auteur(s)
Carlet J., Astagneau P., Brun-Buisson C., Coignard B., Salomon V., Tran B., Desenclos J. C., Jarlier V., Schlemmer B., Parneix P., Regnier B., Fabry J.
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
08/2009
Volume
30
Numéro
8
Pages
737-45
Langue
anglais
Résumé
OBJECTIVE: To describe the French program for the prevention of healthcare-associated infections and antibiotic resistance and provide results for some of the indicators available to evaluate the program. In addition to structures and process indicators, the 2 outcome indicators selected were the rate of surgical site infection and the proportion of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates among the S. aureus isolates recovered. DESIGN: Descriptive study of the evolution of the national structures for control of healthcare-associated infections since 1992. Through national surveillance networks, process indicators were available from 1993 to 2006, surgical site infection rates were available from 1999 to 2005, and prevalence rates for MRSA infection were available from 2001 to 2007. RESULTS: A comprehensive national program has gradually been set up in France during the period from 1993 to 2004, which included strengthening of organized infection control activities at the local, regional, and national levels and developing large networks for surveillance of specific infections and antibiotic resistance. These achievements were complemented by instituting mandatory notification for unusual nosocomial events, especially outbreaks. The second phase of the program involved the implementation of 5 national quality indicators with public reporting. Surgical site infection rates decreased by 25% over a 6-year period. In France, the median proportion of MRSA among S. aureus isolates recovered from patients with bacteremia decreased from 33.4% to 25.7% during the period from 2001 to 2007, whereas this proportion increased in many other European countries. CONCLUSIONS: Very few national programs have been evaluated since the Study on the Efficacy of Nosocomial Infection Control. Although continuing efforts are required, the French program appears to have been effective at reducing infection rates.
Mots-clé
*Drug Resistance, Bacterial, *Program Evaluation, Chi-Square Distribution, Cross Infection/epidemiology/microbiology/*prevention & control, France/epidemiology, Humans, Infection Control/methods/standards/*trends, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus/*isolation &, National Health Programs/standards/trends, purification/pathogenicity, Sentinel Surveillance, Staphylococcal Infections/epidemiology/*prevention & control, Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology/*prevention & control
Création de la notice
18/07/2019 12:48
Dernière modification de la notice
21/08/2019 5:33
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