Cortical thickness increases after simultaneous interpretation training.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_1B89E938767D
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Cortical thickness increases after simultaneous interpretation training.
Périodique
Neuropsychologia
Auteur(s)
Hervais-Adelman A., Moser-Mercer B., Murray M.M., Golestani N.
ISSN
1873-3514 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0028-3932
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
04/2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
98
Pages
212-219
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Simultaneous interpretation is a complex cognitive task that not only demands multilingual language processing, but also requires application of extreme levels of domain-general cognitive control. We used MRI to longitudinally measure cortical thickness in simultaneous interpretation trainees before and after a Master's program in conference interpreting. We compared them to multilingual control participants scanned at the same interval of time. Increases in cortical thickness were specific to trainee interpreters. Increases were observed in regions involved in lower-level, phonetic processing (left posterior superior temporal gyrus, anterior supramarginal gyrus and planum temporale), in the higher-level formulation of propositional speech (right angular gyrus) and in the conversion of items from working memory into a sequence (right dorsal premotor cortex), and finally, in domain-general executive control and attention (right parietal lobule). Findings are consistent with the linguistic requirements of simultaneous interpretation and also with the more general cognitive demands on attentional control for expert performance in simultaneous interpreting. Our findings may also reflect beneficial, potentially protective effects of simultaneous interpretation training, which has previously been shown to confer enhanced skills in certain executive and attentional domains over and above those conferred by bilingualism.

Mots-clé
Attention/physiology, Brain Mapping, Cerebral Cortex/physiology, Female, Functional Laterality, Humans, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Learning/physiology, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Transfer (Psychology)/physiology, Translating
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
24/01/2017 18:55
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 12:52
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