Alterations of Neuromuscular Function after the World's Most Challenging Mountain Ultra-Marathon.

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_193558F3CE45.P001.pdf (586.60 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_193558F3CE45
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Alterations of Neuromuscular Function after the World's Most Challenging Mountain Ultra-Marathon.
Périodique
PLoS One
Auteur(s)
Saugy J., Place N., Millet G.Y., Degache F., Schena F., Millet G.P.
ISSN
1932-6203 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1932-6203
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2013
Volume
8
Numéro
6
Pages
e65596
Langue
anglais
Résumé
We investigated the physiological consequences of the most challenging mountain ultra-marathon (MUM) in the world: a 330-km trail run with 24000 m of positive and negative elevation change. Neuromuscular fatigue (NMF) was assessed before (Pre-), during (Mid-) and after (Post-) the MUM in experienced ultra-marathon runners (n = 15; finish time  = 122.43 hours ±17.21 hours) and in Pre- and Post- in a control group with a similar level of sleep deprivation (n = 8). Blood markers of muscle inflammation and damage were analyzed at Pre- and Post-. Mean ± SD maximal voluntary contraction force declined significantly at Mid- (-13±17% and -10±16%, P<0.05 for knee extensor, KE, and plantar flexor muscles, PF, respectively), and further decreased at Post- (-24±13% and -26±19%, P<0.01) with alteration of the central activation ratio (-24±24% and -28±34% between Pre- and Post-, P<0.05) in runners whereas these parameters did not change in the control group. Peripheral NMF markers such as 100 Hz doublet (KE: -18±18% and PF: -20±15%, P<0.01) and peak twitch (KE: -33±12%, P<0.001 and PF: -19±14%, P<0.01) were also altered in runners but not in controls. Post-MUM blood concentrations of creatine kinase (3719±3045 Ul·(1)), lactate dehydrogenase (1145±511 UI·L(-1)), C-Reactive Protein (13.1±7.5 mg·L(-1)) and myoglobin (449.3±338.2 µg·L(-1)) were higher (P<0.001) than at Pre- in runners but not in controls. Our findings revealed less neuromuscular fatigue, muscle damage and inflammation than in shorter MUMs. In conclusion, paradoxically, such extreme exercise seems to induce a relative muscle preservation process due likely to a protective anticipatory pacing strategy during the first half of MUM and sleep deprivation in the second half.
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
19/09/2013 9:20
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 13:49
Données d'usage