Mapping adolescent health and lifestyles in a multi-state country: methodological aspects and first results.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_18527
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Mapping adolescent health and lifestyles in a multi-state country: methodological aspects and first results.
Périodique
Sozial- und Praventivmedizin
Auteur⸱e⸱s
Renaud A., Narring F., Cosinschi-Meunier M., Michaud P.A.
ISSN
0303-8408 (Print)
ISSN-L
0303-8408
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2001
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
46
Numéro
3
Pages
161-171
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
To explore the feasibility of a geographical analysis (mapping) of data from a national adolescent survey.
Teenagers 15 to 19 years in high school or apprenticeship (N = 5275 boys and 3993 girls) answered a self-administered anonymous questionnaire targeting health and lifestyles. Switzerland was divided in 14 subunits, each one including at least 400 subjects: large cantons were isolated by themselves whereas smaller ones were aggregated taking into account common cultural, geographical and health characteristics. To minimize the impact of sample differences across the cantons, subsamples were weighted according to age, sex, and professional background. For each variable, the discretization of the values in five classes was performed using the threshold approach which maximizes intergroup differences and minimizes the intragroup differences.
The analysis suggests different patterns of distribution depending on the type of variable studied: substance use differs mostly between urban and rural cantons, while mental health differs between French and German-speaking cantons.
Whereas most available atlases are derived from population-based data (i.e., mortality rates), this research demonstrates the feasibility of using self-reported data from school-based survey samples. The presentation of data on attractive maps provides a unique opportunity for generating hypotheses as to the causes of differences across cantons in a multi-ethnic, multicultural country.
Mots-clé
Adolescent, Adolescent Health Services/statistics & numerical data, Feasibility Studies, Female, Health Status, Humans, Life Style, Male, Students/statistics & numerical data, Switzerland, Topography, Medical
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
19/11/2007 9:40
Dernière modification de la notice
10/09/2019 5:10
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