Welfare solidarity in multi-ethnic societies: can social investment reduce the anti-immigrant bias?


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Welfare solidarity in multi-ethnic societies: can social investment reduce the anti-immigrant bias?
Bonoli Giuliano, Chueri Juliana, Gandenberger Mia
Date de publication
Migration flows have diversified western societies, challenging the political viability of the generous welfare states built during the postwar years. This is very clear in research on perceptions of deservingness to social benefits, which consistently shows that immigrants are considered as less deserving of collective help than natives. At the same time, welfare states are being reoriented towards social investment, i.e. they put more emphasis on services that strengthen human capital and improve access to employment rather than on redistribution. In this article we ask whether the shift towards a social investment welfare state is likely to reduce the immigrant deservingness penalty. Theoretically, we rely on two perspectives: social trust and identity theory. While the first suggests that the inclination to exclude immigrants from benefits aims to prevent free-riding behavior, the latter relies on in-group favoritism. Following the literature on social trust, we expect the reorientation of welfare states towards social investment to reduce the negative impact of diversity on solidarity, as those interventions are to an extent immune to free-riding. Alternatively, according to social identity theory, we expect a similar in-group bias independent of the intervention. We rely on vignette experiments conducted in Denmark, Sweden, Germany, Switzerland, the UK, and the US to compare the immigrant deservingness penalty between one consumption and social investment interventions. Results show no difference between the immigrant deservingness penalty across the social intervention types, suggesting exclusionary attitudes are driven by in-group favoritism.
solidarity, multi-ethnic societies, deservingness, welfare state, social investment, migrant penalty.
Création de la notice
02/09/2023 10:48
Dernière modification de la notice
03/09/2023 6:08
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