DNA evidence, probabilistic evaluation and collaborative tests.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_14701
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
DNA evidence, probabilistic evaluation and collaborative tests.
Périodique
Forensic science international
Auteur(s)
Taroni F., Aitken C.G.
ISSN
0379-0738
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2000
Volume
108
Numéro
2
Pages
121-43
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't - Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Forensic scientists working in 12 state or private laboratories participated in collaborative tests to improve the reliability of the presentation of DNA data at trial. These tests were motivated in response to the growing criticism of the power of DNA evidence. The experts' conclusions in the tests are presented and discussed in the context of the Bayesian approach to interpretation. The use of a Bayesian approach and subjective probabilities in trace evaluation permits, in an easy and intuitive manner, the integration into the decision procedure of any revision of the measure of uncertainty in the light of new information. Such an integration is especially useful with forensic evidence. Furthermore, we believe that this probabilistic model is a useful tool (a) to assist scientists in the assessment of the value of scientific evidence, (b) to help jurists in the interpretation of judicial facts and (c) to clarify the respective roles of scientists and of members of the court. Respondents to the survey were reluctant to apply this methodology in the assessment of DNA evidence.
Mots-clé
Alleles, Bayes Theorem, DNA, Europe, Forensic Medicine, Homicide, Humans, Jurisprudence, Likelihood Functions, Male, Probability
Pubmed
Création de la notice
19/11/2007 9:34
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 12:43
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