Altruism - a philosophical analysis

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_11D7B2FED332.P001.pdf (342.23 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_11D7B2FED332
Type
Partie de livre
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Altruism - a philosophical analysis
Titre du livre
eLS
Auteur(s)
Clavien C., Chapuisat M
Editeur
John Wiley & Sons Ltd,
Lieu d'édition
Chichester
ISBN
9780470015902
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2012
Pages
6
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Altruism is a malleable notion that is understood differently in various disciplines. The common denominator of most definitions of altruism is the idea of unidirectional helping behaviour. However, a closer examination reveals that the term altruism sometimes refers to the outcomes of a helping behaviour for the agent and its neighbours - i.e. reproductive altruism - and sometimes to what motivates the agent to help others - i.e. psychological altruism. Since these perspectives on altruism are crucially different, it is important to use a clear terminology to avoid confusion. In particular, we show that the notion of altruism used by biologists profoundly differs from the ones used by philosophers, psychologists and economists in cross-disciplinary debates about human altruism.
Mots-clé
altruism, helping, kin selection, Hamilton's rule, human altruism, motivation, proximate versus ultimate explanation, psychological altruism, reproductive altruism, weak altruism
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
30/11/2011 18:00
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 12:39
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