Embodied memory: unconscious smiling modulates emotional evaluation of episodic memories.

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Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_0E79DDB2A792
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Embodied memory: unconscious smiling modulates emotional evaluation of episodic memories.
Périodique
Frontiers In Psychology
Auteur(s)
Arminjon M., Preissmann D., Chmetz F., Duraku A., Ansermet F., Magistretti P.J.
ISSN
1664-1078 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1664-1078
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
05/2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
6
Pages
650
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Résumé
Since Damasio introduced the somatic markers hypothesis in Damasio (1994), it has spread through the psychological community, where it is now commonly acknowledged that somatic states are a factor in producing the qualitative dimension of our experiences. Present actions are emotionally guided by those somatic states that were previously activated in similar experiences. In this model, somatic markers serve as a kind of embodied memory. Here, we test whether the manipulation of somatic markers can modulate the emotional evaluation of negative memories. Because facial feedback has been shown to be a powerful means of modifying emotional judgements, we used it to manipulate somatic markers. Participants first read a sad story in order to induce a negative emotional memory and then were asked to rate their emotions and memory about the text. Twenty-four hours later, the same participants were asked to assume a predetermined facial feedback (smiling) while reactivating their memory of the sad story. The participants were once again asked to fill in emotional and memory questionnaires about the text. Our results showed that participants who had smiled during memory reactivation later rated the text less negatively than control participants. However, the contraction of the zygomaticus muscles during memory reactivation did not have any impact on episodic memory scores. This suggests that manipulating somatic states modified emotional memory without affecting episodic memory. Thus, modulating memories through bodily states might pave the way to studying memory as an embodied function and help shape new kinds of psychotherapeutic interventions.
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
27/05/2015 15:34
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 13:35
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